Wednesday, 8 October 2014

List of Noted Vegetarians....

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This is a list of notable people who have adhered to a vegetarian diet at some point during their life. In the cases where a person's vegetarian status is disputed or they no longer adhere to a vegetarian diet, this is noted next to their entry as disputed or former.
This list does not include those who are identified as vegan - those who eat no animal products including milk, cheese, or butter - who are listed separately.

Mohandas Gandhi, an Indian political leader

Empedocles, a Greek poet and philosopher

Isaac Bashevis Singer, a Polish-born Jewish-American author, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1978

Christine Lagarde, a French director general of the International Monetary Fund

Paul McCartney, a British singer-songwriter and former member of The Beatles

Martina Navratilova, a Czech American tennis player

Lo Wing-lok, Hong Kong doctor and politician

Adolf Hitler, German politician

Surya Bonaly, a French professional figure skater

Forest Whitaker, an Academy Award winning American actor

Natalie Portman, an American-Israeli actress

Gustav Struve, a German revolutionary

Jane Goodall, a British primatologist

Pythagoras of Samos, a Greek philosopher credited with the discovery of Pythagoras' theorem

Shania Twain, a Canadian singer

George Bernard Shaw, an Irish playwright

Kate Bush, a British singer-songwriter

Leo Tolstoy, a Russian novelist

Sharon den Adel, a Dutch singer

Nicolette Kluijver, a Dutch television presenter

Leonardo da Vinci, an Italian polymath, best known for his work as an artist including the Mona Lisa

Georgina Verbaan, a Dutch actress

Abraham Isaac Kook, the first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of the British Mandate for Palestine, born in Latvia

Anni-Frid Lyngstad, a Norwegian singer and member of Swedish pop group ABBA

Frederik van Eeden, a Dutch writer and psychiatrist

Julie Christie, a British actress

Francisco van Jole, a Dutch journalist

Isadora Duncan, an American dancer often credited as the creator of modern dance

Jaime de Magalhães Lima, a Portuguese writer and Tolstoyan

Leona Lewis, a British singer and winner of the third series of The X Factor

Amílcar de Sousa, a Portuguese physician, president of the first Portuguese vegetarian society

Mojo Mathers, a New Zealand politician

Antoni Gaudí, a Spanish Catalan architect

Shanna Moakler, an American model crowned Miss USA 1995 and Playboy Playmate in 2001

John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople, an important Early Church Father

Lord Byron, a British poet

Esther Ouwehand, a Dutch politician

Dick Gregory, an American comedian

John Harvey Kellogg, an American doctor, best known as the inventor of corn flakes

Gabe Saporta, a Uruguayan musician, lead singer of the synthpop band Cobra Starship

José Mujica, President of Uruguay since 2010

Yasmien Kurdi, Filipino singer, songwriter and actress

Faye Wong, Chinese singer



Scott AdamsAuthor and creator of the Dilbert comic stripUnited States[1]
Sharon den AdelSinger-songwriter, fashion designerNetherlands[2]
Shmuel Yosef AgnonNobel Prize laureate writer and was one of the central figures of modern Hebrew fictionIsrael[3](pp171–172)
Dianna AgronActress, singer, dancerUnited States[4][5]
eden ahbezSongwriter, recording artistUnited States[6](p171)[7][8]
Damon AlbarnMusician, record producer, composerUnited Kingdom[9]
William Andrus AlcottEducator, physician, authorUnited States[6](pp34–44)[10]
Quinn AllmanMusician, producerUnited States[11]
Lauren AndersonModelUnited States[12]
Apollonius of TyanaNeopythagorean philosopherGreece[13](pp30–35)
Christina ApplegateActressUnited States[14][15]
Johnny AppleseedPioneer, missionary and gardenerUnited States[6](pp6–7)[16][17](pp184–186,307–310)
Richard AshcroftMusician, best known as lead singer of The VerveUnited Kingdom[18]
Joan ArmatradingSinger-songwriterUnited Kingdom[19]
Nadja AuermannModel and actressGermany[20][21]
Thaila AyalaActress, modelBrazil[22]
Amitabh BachchanActor, producer, singer, television presenterIndia[23]
Bae Jong-okActressSouth Korea[24]
Nic BalthazarFilm director, television and radio presenterBelgium[25]
Arnaldo BaptistaSinger-songwriter, musicianBrazil[26]
Bob BarkerGame show hostUnited States[27]
Basil of CaesareaBishop of Caesarea Mazaca in Cappadocia, Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey)Turkey[28](pp159–160)[29](p78)
Rabia BasriMuslim saint and Sufi mysticIraq[30][31]
Jeff BeckMusician, songwriter, actorUnited Kingdom[32]
Conrad BeisselReligious leaderGermany[6](p3)
Raja BellProfessional basketball playerUnited States[33]
Lexi BellePornographic actressUnited States[34]
Hilary BennPoliticianUnited Kingdom[35]
J. D. BeresfordNovelistsUnited Kingdom[36]
Elizabeth BerkleyActressUnited States[37]
Annie BesantBritish Theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-ruleUnited Kingdom[38](pp99–107)
Traci BinghamActress/ModelUnited States[39]
Barry BlackMinister,[disambiguation needed] clergymanUnited States[40][41]
Pippa BlackActressAustralia[42]
Kees BoekeReformist educator, Quaker missionary and pacifistNetherlands[43](p240)
Michael BoltonSinger, songwriterUnited States[44]
Surya BonalyProfessional figure skaterFrance[45]
Cory BookerUnited States SenatorUnited States[46][47]
Bramwell BoothChief of the Staff of The Salvation ArmyUnited Kingdom[48]
Magnus BørmarkMember of the Norwegian band GåteNorway[49]
Wouter BosPolitician, Management consultantNetherlands[nb 1]
Jacques BoyerProfessional bicycle racer who, in 1981, was the first American to participate in the Tour de FranceUnited States[51]
Claudia de BreijComedian, show host and radio disk jockeyNetherlands[nb 2]
Eva BriegelSinger and member of the rock band JuliGermany[53]
Christie BrinkleyModel, actress, designerUnited States[54]
Saint John de BritoJesuit missionary and martyrPortugal[28](p198)[55](pp28–29, 203)[55](pp295–300)[55](pp350–358)
Peter BrockOne of Australia's best-known and most successful motor racing driversAustralia[56]
Fenner BrockwayPoliticianUnited Kingdom[57][58]
Luitzen E.J. BrouwerMathematician and philosopherNetherlands[43](p236)
Chris BrowneComic strip artist and cartoonist who writes and draws the comic strip Hägar the HorribleUnited States[59]
Gautama BuddhaSpiritual teacher on whose teachings Buddhism was foundedNepal[30][38](pp11–88)[60](pp21–23)[61](pp17–21)[62](pp50–57)[nb 3]
Kathalijne BuitenwegPoliticianNetherlands[63]
Enrique BunburyRock singer-songwriterSpain[64]
Peter BurwashFormer tennis player, current tennis coach, television commentator, motivational speaker, writerCanada[65]
Kate BushMusician, vocalist, songwriter, record producerUnited Kingdom[66]
Lauren BushModel, Designer, niece of former President George W. BushUnited States[67][68][69][70]
Julia CarlingJournalist and television presenterUnited Kingdom[71]
Edward CarpenterPoet, anthologist, early gay activist and socialist philosopherUnited Kingdom[61](pp79–80)[72](pp256–266,276)
Paul CartonPhysicianFrance[73]
Dan CastellanetaVoice actor, writer, actor, comedian, singerUnited States[74]
Saint Catherine of SienaTertiary of the Dominican Order, and a Scholastic philosopher and theologianItaly[28](pp167–168)[29](p89)
Stephen Chan Chi WanGeneral manager of Television Broadcasts Limited, CEO of Commercial Radio Hong KongHong Kong[75]
Jacky CheungSinger, actor, songwriterHong Kong[76]
Sri ChinmoySpiritual teacher, poet, artist, athleteIndia[77]
Michael Guy ChislettMusician, songwriter, ProducerAustralia[78]
Julie ChristieActressUnited Kingdom[79][80]
Saint John ChrysostomEarly Church FatherTurkey[29](p79)[72](p124)
Alexa ChungTelevision presenter, model and contributing editor at British VogueUnited Kingdom[81]
Daniël de ClercqSocialist and activistNetherlands[82]
Sue CoeArtist, illustratorUnited Kingdom[83]
J. M. CoetzeeNovelist, essayist, literary critic, linguist, translatorSouth Africa[84](pp63–65)[85]
Rabbi David CohenRabbi, talmudist, philosopher, and kabbalistIsrael[3](p172)[86]
She'ar Yashuv CohenAshkenazi Chief Rabbi of Haifa, IsraelIsrael[3](pp172–173)[86]
John ColtraneSaxophonist, composer, bandleaderUnited States[87]
Pat CondellWriter, political commentator, comedian and atheist internet personalityUnited Kingdom[nb 4]
ConfuciusTeacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese historyChina[89][90]
Abbie CornishActressAustralia[91]
Hugo Brandt CorstiusAuthorNetherlands[92]
Elvis CostelloMusician, singer-songwriter, record producerUnited Kingdom[93]
Roger CrabHaberdasher, herbal doctor and writerUnited Kingdom[94](pp26–38)
Stafford CrippsPoliticianUnited Kingdom[95][96]
Ernest Howard CrosbyReformer and authorUnited States[6](pp143–147)
Peter CushingActorUnited Kingdom[97]
Chuck DRapper, publisher, lecturer, activist, record producerUnited States[98][99]
Thomas D.Rapper in the German hip hop group Die Fantastischen VierGermany[100]
Eugen d'AlbertGerman pianist and composerGermany[nb 5]
Jeru the DamajaRapper and recording artistUnited States[102]
Georg Friedrich DaumerPoet and philosopherGermany[103](pp282–286)
Morarji DesaiIndian independence activist and the fourth Prime Minister of India from 1977–79India[104]
Floortje DessingPresenter, TV producer, interpreterNetherlands[105]
Peter DinklageActorUnited States[106]
Mike DirntMusician, songwriterUnited States[107]
Eliza DoolittleSinger-songwriterUnited Kingdom[108][109][110]
David D'OrMusician, vocalist, composer, songwriterIsrael[111]
Pia DouwesMusical theatre actressNetherlands[52]
Muriel Dowding, Baroness DowdingAnimal rights activistUnited Kingdom[112](pp137–151)
Anna DrijverModel, ActressNetherlands[113]
Michael Clarke DuncanActor, voice actorUnited States[114]
Isadora DuncanDancer, considered by many to be the creator of modern danceUnited States[115]
Frederik van EedenLate 19th century and early 20th century Dutch writer and psychiatristNetherlands[116]
Michael EisnerBusinessman, former CEO of The Walt Disney CompanyUnited States[117]
EmpedoclesPre-Socratic philosopher and a citizen of Agrigentum, a Greek city in SicilyGreece[13](pp30–32)[29](pp41–42)[72](pp64–66)
Guy Endorenovelist, screenwriterUnited States[118]
Selma Ergeçactress, beauty pageant titleholder, model, designer, philologist, psychologist, doctorTurkey[119]
Kevin EubanksMusicianUnited States[120]
Joshua EvansQuaker minister, journalist, and abolitionistUnited States[121](p40)[6](p7)
Henri W.PH.E. van den Bergh van EysingaRevolutionary and a philosophical writerNetherlands[43](p228)
Corey FeldmanActorUnited States[122]
Marty Feldmancomedian and actorEngland[123]
Adam FergusonScottish philosopher and historian of the Scottish EnlightenmentUnited Kingdom[103](p208)[124](pp204–206)
Vanessa FerlitoActressUnited States[125]
Marsilio FicinoOne of the most influential humanist philosophers of the early Italian RenaissanceItaly[126]
Doug FiegerMusician, songwriter, member of new wave rock quartet The KnackUnited States[127]
Jon FitchMixed martial artistUnited States[128]
Jerome FlynnActorUnited Kingdom[129]
Jonathan Safran FoerNovelist, short story writerUnited States[130]
Alina FoleyActress, daughter of Dave FoleyUnited States[131]
Desmond FordEvangelical Christian and an Australian theologianAustralia[132][133]
Thomas Ignatius Maria ForsterAstronomer and naturalistUnited Kingdom[94](pp374–375)
J. D. FortuneMusicianCanada[134]
Jorja FoxActress, musician, songwriterUnited States[135][136]
Sage FrancisRapper, Spoken word artistUnited States[137]
Saint Francis of PaolaMendicant friar and the founder of the Roman Catholic Order of MinimsItaly[28](p146)
Martin FreemanActorUnited Kingdom[138]
Sadie FrostActressUnited Kingdom[139]


Mohandas GandhiIndian spiritual and political leaderIndia[141](p.xii)[142]
Gao YuanyuanActressChina[143]
Antoni GaudíCatalan architect and figurehead of Catalan ModernismSpain[144]
John GayPoet and dramatist and member of the Scriblerus ClubUnited Kingdom[103](pp115–119)
Don GerritsenUnited Nations RepresentativeNetherlands[145]
Philip GlassComposerUnited States[146]
Bobcat GoldthwaitActor, comedian, screenwriter, film director, television directorUnited States[147]
Lewis GompertzInventor and a founding member of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to AnimalsUnited Kingdom[148]
João GordoSinger-songwriter, musician, talk show hostBrazil[149]
Shlomo GorenChief Rabbi of the Military Rabbinate of the IDFIsrael[3](pp104,173–174)[86]
Dave GormanAuthor, comedianUnited Kingdom[150]
Angela GossowSinger-songwriter, manager, journalistGermany[151][152]
Lawrence GowanMusician, songwriterCanada[153][154][time needed]
Sylvester GrahamDietary reformerUnited States[6](pp15–70)[38](pp141–148)
Percy GraingerComposer, arranger and pianistAustralia[155](pp78–79)
Dion GrausPolitician and animal rights activistNetherlands[156]
Anthony the GreatChristian saint from Egypt, a prominent leader among the Desert FathersEgypt[28](pp22–23)[nb 6]
Ashoka the GreatEmperor of the Maurya DynastyIndia[13](pp75–77)[38]
Dick GregoryComedian, social activist, social critic, writer, and entrepreneurUnited States[38](pp215–218)
Amanda GriffinModel, Television hostPhilippines[158]
Angela GroothuizenSinger, actress, television personalityNetherlands[159]
Benjamin GrosvenorMusicianUnited Kingdom[160]
Chin Chin GutierrezTelevision and Film Actress,Philippines[161]
GZALyricist, rapper, songwriterUnited States[162]
Ha OkioMusician, singer-song writer, music producer, actor, social activistVietnam[163]
Alexander HackeMusician, record producerGermany[164]
Sarah Jane HamiltonPornographic actressUnited Kingdom[165]
Otoman Zar-Adusht Ha'nishFounder of the religious movement known as MazdaznanUnited States[166]
Neil HarbissonCatalan-raised, Northern Ireland-born artist, musician and performerUnited Kingdom[167]
George HarrisonMusician, singer-songwriter, actor, record and film producer, member of the The BeatlesUnited Kingdom[168]
Lenie 't HartAnimal rights activistNetherlands[169]
Maarten 't HartBiologist, authorNetherlands[nb 7]
David HartleyPhilosopher and founder of the Associationist school of psychologyUnited Kingdom[171](pp207–209)[nb 8]
John HawkesworthWriterUnited Kingdom
Sadeq HedayatWriter of prose fiction and short storiesIran[173]
Martin van HeesPhilosopher and professor of ethics at the University of GroningenNetherlands[174][175]
HesiodOral poetGreece[176]
Rudolf HessNazi PoliticianGermany[177]
Missy HigginsSinger-songwriter, musicianAustralia[178][179]
Saint HilarionAnchoriteEgypt[28](pp24–25)
Adolf HitlerPoliticianGermany[180][181][182][183][184][185][nb 9]
Isa HoesActress, voice actressNetherlands[105]
Amanda HoldenActress, presenterUnited Kingdom[186]
Jens HolmPoliticianSweden[187]
Henriette Roland HolstPoet, political activistNetherlands[43](p230)
John HowardPhilanthropist and the first English prison reformerUnited Kingdom[188]
Barbie HsuActress, Singer, HostTaiwan[75]
Henny HuismanTelevision presenterNetherlands[189]
Aldous HuxleyNovelist, essayistUnited Kingdom[190]
IamblichusNeoplatonist philosopherSyria[191]
Frank IeroMusician, member of My Chemical RomanceUnited States[192]
Michael ImperioliActor, television writerUnited States[193]
Ewout IrrgangPolitician, anti-globalization activistNetherlands[194]
Susan Saint JamesActress, activistUnited States[112](pp47–58)
Reid JamiesonSinger-songwriter, multi-instrumentalistCanada[195]
JeASinger, dancer, member of Brown Eyed GirlsSouth Korea[196][197][198]
Joan JettSinger-songwriter, musicianUnited States[199]
Éder JofreRetired professional boxer and former Bantamweight and Featherweight ChampionBrazil[200]
Watkin Tudor JonesMusicianSouth Africa[201]
KabīrWeaver, poetIndia[13](pp47–49)
Alter KacyzneJewish (Yiddish) writer, poet, and photographerLithuania[3](p171)
Franz KafkaInsurance officer, factory manager, novelist, short story writerAustria[203]
Antonie KamerlingActor, musicianNetherlands[204]
Kareena KapoorActressIndia[205]
Shahid KapoorActor, DancerIndia[206]
Bill Kaulitz & Tom KaulitzSinger, Songwriters, Activists, Guitarist, members of Tokio HotelGermany[207]
Matt KeanMusician, member of Bring Me the HorizonUnited Kingdom[208][209]
John Harvey KelloggPhysician, inventor of corn flakes breakfast cerealUnited States[38](pp149–158)
Kenney, MatthewMatthew KenneyRaw Food Chef, Author, Educator, Speaker and EntrepreneurUnited States[210]
KeshaSinger-songwriterUnited States[211]
Masta KillaRapperUnited States[212]
Kim Hyo-jinActressSouth Korea[24]
Anna Bonus KingsfordEditor of The Lady's Own Paper, campaigned for women's rights and against vivisectionUnited Kingdom[103](pp374–383)[213]
Bep van KlaverenBoxerNetherlands[43](p103)[214]
Marcela KloosterboerActress, occasional singerArgentina[215]
Nicolette KluijverTelevision presenter, modelNetherlands[105]
Niko KoffemanPoliticianNetherlands[nb 10]
Martine Wittop KoningNutrition expert and writer of cook booksNetherlands[43](p231)[217]
Abraham Isaac KookTorah scholar, first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of the British Mandate for PalestineLatvia[3](p175)[13](pp118–121)[86]
Kim van KootenActress and screenwriterNetherlands[204]
k-osRapper, singer, songwriter, producerCanada[218][219]
Killer KowalskiProfessional wrestlerCanada[38](pp231–236)
Jiddu KrishnamurtiPublic speaker, author, philosopherIndia[220]
Liv KristineSinger-songwriterNorway[221]
KRS-OneRapper, record producer, actor, author, activistUnited States[222]
Alexander KrullMusician, Singer-songwriterGermany[223]
Attje KuikenPolitician and former civil servantNetherlands[224]
Sushil KumarWorld champion wrestlerIndia[225]
František KupkaPainter and graphic artistCzechoslovakia[nb 11][nb 12]
Yasmien KurdiSingerPhilippines[158]
Haldor LægreidMusical artistNorway[228]
Mon LaferteSinger-songwriter, actressChile[229]
Bonnie-Jill LaflinActress, Model, TV personalityUnited States[230]
Christine LagardeLawyer, Managing Director of the International Monetary FundFrance[231]
Alphonse de LamartineWriter, poet, politicianFrance[nb 13][nb 14]
Benjamin LayQuaker philanthropist and abolitionistUnited States[233]
Cloris LeachmanActress, comedienneUnited States[234]
Charles Webster LeadbeaterAuthor, member of the Theosophical SocietyUnited Kingdom[235]
Lee Ha-nuiBeauty pageant titleholder, classical musician, gayageum player, and actressSouth Korea[24][236][237]
Rita LeeSinger, songwriter, actress, author, TV hostBrazil[238]
Nikolai LeskovWriterRussia[239]
Leona LewisSinger-songwriter, recording artistUnited Kingdom[240][241][242]
Jimmy LiaoIllustrator, picture book writerTaiwan[75]
Bart de LigtAnarcho-pacifist and antimilitaristNetherlands[43](p239)
Jan LigthartTeacher, philosopherNetherlands[43](p220)
Jack LindsayWriterAustralia[155](p77)
Richard LinklaterFilmmakerUnited States[243][244][245]
Tzipi LivniLawyer and politicianIsrael[246]
Eneko LlanosBasque triathleteSpain[247]
Michael LocherMusician, member of the band SamaelSwitzerland[248]
Claire LoewenfeldNutritionist and herbalistGermany[249]
Lisa LopesRapper, singer-songwriter, actress, dancer, musician, member of the R&B/hip-hop girl group TLCUnited States[250]
César "Vampiro" LópezOne of the best-known rock guitarists in Latin AmericaMexico[251]
Arjen LucassenProgressive metal/rock songwriter, producer, singer, multi-instrumentalistNetherlands[252]
Lo Wing-lokdoctor and politicianHong Kong[75]
Lu YouPoet, politicianChina[253]
Joanna LumleyActress, voice-over artist, former-model, authorUnited Kingdom[254]
Anni-Frid LyngstadSinger, member of pop/rock group ABBANorway[49]


Francisco MaderoPolitician, writer and revolutionaryMexico[255]
R. MadhavanActor, writer, producer, television presenterIndia[256]
Jamby MadrigalPoliticianPhilippines[158]
Tobey MaguireActor, producerUnited States[257][258][259]
MahaviraSage who established tenets of JainismIndia[38](pp19–28)
Gustav MahlerComposer and one of the leading conductors of his generationAustria-Hungary[nb 15][nb 16]
Jaime de Magalhães LimaThinker, poet, essayist, literary critic, promoter of vegetarianismPortugal[nb 17]
Andrius MamontovasMusician, Songwriter, record producer, actorLithuania[263][264]
Method ManHip hop artist, record producer, actor, member of the Wu-Tang ClanUnited States[265]
Bob MarleySinger songwriter, guitaristJamaica[266]
Jodie MarshMedia personality, glamour modelUnited Kingdom[267]
Chris MartinMusician, producer, member of ColdplayUnited Kingdom[259][268]
Ricky MartinSinger songwriter, actorPuerto Rico[269]
Doug MartschMusician, member of Built to SpillUnited States[270]
Scott MaslenActor, modelUnited Kingdom[271]
Mojo MathersPolitician, member of the New Zealand House of RepresentativesNew Zealand[272]
Alicia MayerActress, ComedianPhilippines[273]
Colman McCarthyJournalist, teacher, lecturer, peace activistUnited States[6](pp206–207)
Paul McCartneyMusician, composer, producer, businessman, member of the The BeatlesUnited Kingdom[47][274][275][276][277]
Stella McCartneyFashion designerUnited Kingdom[278]
Rue McClanahanActress, comedienne, authorUnited States[279]
Jay McGuinessSinger, member of the boy band The WantedUnited Kingdom[108][109][110]
Edward McMillan-ScottMember of the European ParliamentUnited Kingdom[280]
Armin MeiwesConvict who claims to be reformed and concerned about injusticesGermany[281]
Luisa MellActress and former presenter of the RedeTV! programme Late ShowBrazil[282]
Natalie MerchantMusician, SongwriterUnited States[283]
Narendra ModiPrime Minister of IndiaIndia[284]
Saint Angela de MericiReligious leader and saintItaly[28](pp125–126)
Johan MesschaertSinger and vocal pedagogueNetherlands[43](p219)
Lea MicheleActress, singerUnited States[285]
Gabrielle MillerActressCanada[286]
Crispian MillsMusician, songwriter, film directorUnited Kingdom[287]
Hayley MillsActress, singerUnited Kingdom[288]
Giovanni Pico della MirandolaRenaissance philosopherItaly[289]
Shanna MoaklerActress, Model, Reality television celebrityUnited States[290]
Elizabeth Maria MoltenoSuffragist and civil rights activistSouth Africa[291]
Sophie MonkSinger, songwriter, actress, modelAustralia[292]
Théodore MonodNaturalist, explorer, and humanist scholarFrance[293]
Jenna MorascaActress, swimsuit model, winner of Survivor: The AmazonUnited States[294]
Edwin MosesFormer American track and field athleteUnited States[295]
Malcolm MuggeridgeJournalist, author, satiristUnited Kingdom[38](pp243–250)
Bawa MuhaiyaddeenSaintly Tamil-speaking teacher and Sufi mystic from the island of Sri LankaSri Lanka[13](p175)
José MujicaPresident of UruguayUruguay[296]
Lillian MüllerModel and an actress in motion pictures and televisionNorway[49]
Desidério MurchoPhilosopher, professor, and writerPortugal[nb 18]
Stuart MurdochMusician, member of indie pop band Belle & SebastianUnited Kingdom[298]
Cillian MurphyActorIreland[299]
Keith MurrayMusician, member of indie rock band We Are ScientistsUnited States[300]
MursRapperUnited States[301]
Reuben D. MusseyMedical doctor and an early opponent of tobaccoUnited States[6](pp44–46)
Xavier NaidooSinger-songwriter, record producerGermany[302]
Martina NavratilovaRetired tennis player and a former World No. 1Czech Republic[nb 19]
Kevin NealonActor and comedianUnited States[304]
Helen NearingAuthor and the second wife of Scott NearingUnited States[305]
Philip NeriPriest noted for founding the "Congregation of the Oratory"Italy[28](p152)[171](p153)
Jukka NevalainenMusician, member of NightwishFinland[306]
Phil NevilleFootballer, played for Manchester United and EvertonEngland[307]
Matt NichollsMusician, member of Bring Me the HorizonUnited Kingdom[208][209]
George NicholsonNationally known printerUnited Kingdom[308]
Jayde NicoleModelCanada[309]
Ferdinand Domela NieuwenhuisThe Netherlands' first prominent socialistNetherlands[43](p214)
Roberto de NobiliJesuit missionary to Southern IndiaItaly[310]
Krist NovoselicMusician, songwriter, author, activist, Nirvana memberUnited States[311]
Paavo NurmiWorld record setting RunnerFinland[312]
Natasja OerlemansPolitician, a prominent member of the Party for the AnimalsNetherlands[313]
José OiticicaPoet, activistBrazil[314]
Margreth OlinFilm director and producerNorway[49]
Maria O'NeillWriter, poet, journalist, spiritualistPortugal[315]
Felix OrttPhilosopherNetherlands[43](p224)
Kelly OsbourneSinger-songwriter, author, actress, television personality, radio personality, fashion designerUnited Kingdom[259]
Maja OstaszewskaActressPoland[316]
Carré OtisActress, modelUnited States[317]
Esther OuwehandPolitician, marketing managerNetherlands[nb 20]
Cem ÖzdemirPoliticianGermany[319]
Walburga, Lady PagetDiarist, writer and an intimate friend of Queen VictoriaGermany[320]
Monty PanesarCricketerUnited Kingdom[321]
Hayden PanettiereActress, singer, modelUnited States[322][323]
Alexandra PaulActressUnited States[324]
Kal PennFilm and television actor, producer, and civil servantUnited States[325]
Isaac Leib PeretzYiddish language author and playwrightPoland[3](p171)
Fiona PhillipsTelevision broadcasterUnited Kingdom[186]
Sir Richard PhillipsSchoolteacher, author and publisherUnited Kingdom[103](pp235–244)
Kellie PicklerSinger-songwriterUnited States[100]
PlotinusMajor philosopher of the ancient worldGreece[nb 21][327]
PlutarchBiographer, essayist, priest, ambassador, magistrateGreece[328]
Henri PolakTrade unionist and politicianNetherlands[43](p229)
Alexander PopePoetUnited Kingdom[329]
PorphyryNeoplatonic philosopherGreece[29](pp58–61)[60](pp37–38)
Martín de PorresLay brother of the Dominican OrderPeru[28](p206)
Natalie PortmanActressUnited States[330]
John Cowper PowysNovelistUnited Kingdom[331]
A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami PrabhupadaGaudiya Vaishnava teacher, founder-acharya of the International Society for Krishna ConsciousnessIndia[13](pp56–60)[38](pp173–180)
Jimmy PurseyMusician, record producerUnited Kingdom[332]
Pythagoras of SamosIonian Greek philosopher, mathematician, founder of PythagoreanismGreece[30][333]
Maggie QActress, modelUnited States[334]
Srinivasa RamanujanMathematician and autodidactIndia[335]
Guillaume Thomas François RaynalWriter and man of letters during the Age of EnlightenmentFrance[nb 22]
Jean Jacques Élisée ReclusGeographer, anarchist revolutionary, and writer.France[61](pp88,105,173–176)
RedmanRapper, record producer, actorUnited States[337]
Dimitri ReindermanChess Grandmaster with an Elo rating of 2542Netherlands[189]
Ilya Yefimovich RepinLeading Russian painter and sculptor of the Peredvizhniki artistic schoolRussia[239][338](pp110–114)
ReshmaRenowned folk singer of PakistanPakistan[339]
Saint Richard of ChichesterSaint who was Bishop of ChichesterUnited Kingdom[28](p191)[29](p81)
Joseph RitsonAntiquaryUnited Kingdom[103](pp185–190)
Reuven RivlinPresident of IsraelIsrael[340]
Alice RobertsAnatomist, Paleopathologist, TV presenterUnited Kingdom[341]
Andy RobinsonEnglish rugby union coach and retired playerUnited Kingdom[342]
Fred RogersEducator, minister, songwriter, television hostUnited States[343]
Huberto RohdenPhilosopher, educator, theologist, author, pioneer of transcendentalismBrazil[344]
Romain RollandDramatist, Essayist, Art historian, NovelistFrance[345]
Marc van RoonJazz pianistNetherlands[346]
Xavier RuddMusician, singer-songwriterAustralia[347][348][349]
RZARapper, CEO, record producer, actor, screenwriter, author, directorUnited States[350][351]


Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-PierreWriter, botanistFrance[94](pp208–214)[103](pp173–176)
Henry Stephens SaltWriter, teacher, social reformerUnited Kingdom[352]
Diederik SamsomPoliticianNetherlands[353]
Rodrigo SantoroActorBrazil[354]
Gabe SaportaLead singer and primary creative force behind the synthpop band Cobra StarshipUruguay[192]
Judith SargentiniGreenLeft politicianNetherlands[355]
Martin SastreArtist, FilmmakerUruguay[356]
Swami SatchidanandaReligious teacher, spiritual master and yoga adeptIndia[357]
Kool SavasGerman rapperGermany[302]
Nikolas SchillerBlogger, prominent digital map artist in the blogosphere, civil rights activistUnited States[358]
Wim T. SchippersVoice actor, producer, comedianNetherlands[63]
Loretta SchrijverTelevision hostNetherlands[nb 23]
Jason SchwartzmanActor, musicianUnited States[360]
Albert SchweitzerMusic, philanthropy, theologyGermany[361]
Jenny SeagroveActress, political activistUnited Kingdom[362]
Virender SehwagOne of the leading batsmen in the Indian cricket teamIndia[363]
Sandra SeifertNurse, beauty pageant contestant, fashion modelTaiwan[158]
SerenityErotic dancer and pornographic actressUnited States[364]
Christian SerratosActressUnited States[365]
Quintus SextiusPhilosopher, whose philosophy combined Pythagoreanism with StoicismItaly[nb 24]
George Bernard ShawPlaywright, critic, political activistIreland[30][367]
Martin ShawActorUnited Kingdom[368]
Percy Bysshe ShelleyPoet, dramatist, essayist, novelistUnited Kingdom[103](pp218–235)
Herbert SheltonAlternative medicine advocate, author, pacifistUnited States[6](pp160–161)
Sheetal ShethActress, producerUnited States[369]
Agostinho da SilvaPhilosopher, essayist and writerPortugal[370]
Sarah SilvermanComedienne, writer, actress, singer and musicianUnited States[371]
Aaron SimpsonMixed martial artistUnited States[128]
Isaac Bashevis SingerNovelist, short story writerUnited States[38](pp237–242)[372][373][374]
Peter SingerMoral philosopherAustralia[375]
Fauja SinghCentenarian marathon runnerIndia[376][377]
Jon SkolmenActor and comedianNorway[228]
Song Il-gookActorSouth Korea[24]
SotionNeopythagorean philosopherGreece[378]
Amílcar de SousaMedical doctor, author, president of the first Portuguese vegetarian societyPortugal[379]
Henry SpiraWidely regarded as one of the most effective animal rights activists of the 20th centuryUnited States[380]
Aad StelylenFormer Dutch athlete, specialised in long distancesNetherlands[43](p102)
Arran StephensWriter, Founder of Nature's Path FoodsCanada[381]
Gruschenka StevensActress and singerGermany[382]
Joss StoneSinger-songwriter, actressUnited Kingdom[383][384][385]
Jan P. StrijbosNaturalist, cineast, photographer, journalist, writerNetherlands[43](p242)
Gustav StruvePoliticianGermany[103](pp271–281)
Ruben StuddardSinger, actorUnited States[386]
Mark SuppelsaTelevision anchorUnited States[387]
Oliver SykesMusician, member of Bring Me the HorizonUnited Kingdom[208][388]
Amber TamblynActressUnited States[389]
Serj TankianMusician, songwriter, record producer, poet, activist, System of a Down memberUnited States[390]
TarkanSinger-songwriter, record producer, performerTurkey[391]
TertullianProlific early Berber Christian author from Carthage in the Roman province of AfricaRoman Empire (Carthage)[60](p53)[72](pp116–117)
Marianne ThiemePolitician, animal rights activist, authorNetherlands[nb 25]
Maarten TjallingiiProfessional racing cyclist for UCI ProTeam Belkin Pro CyclingNetherlands[393]
Leo TolstoyNovelist, short story writer, playwright, essayistRussia[30][38](pp88–97)[394]
Peter ToshMusician, member of The WailersJamaica[395]
Paolo TroubetzkoyArtist, sculptorRussia[nb 26]
Titia van der TuukAuthor, feminist, pacifist, teacherNetherlands[43](p226)
Shania TwainSinger-songwriter, television personalityCanada[397][398]
Richard UngewitterWriter, pioneer of the German nudist movementGermany[94](pp436–437)
Mellie UyldertWriter, alternative healer, occultist and astrologerNetherlands[43](p246)
Pedro ValdjiuMusician, member of Blasted MechanismPortugal[399]
Yolandi VisserMusicianSouth Africa[201]
Eddie VedderMusician, songwriter, member of alternative rock band Pearl JamUnited States[400]
Marly van der VeldenActressNetherlands[nb 27]
Krista van VelzenPoliticianNetherlands[63]
Milo VentimigliaActor, directorUnited States[402][403]
Georgina VerbaanActress, singerNetherlands[204]
Leon VerdonschotJournalist, presenter, writer, radio producer, columnistNetherlands[189]
Umberto VeronesiSurgeon and oncologistItaly[404]
Swami VivekanandaChief disciple of the 19th-century saint RamakrishnaIndia[13](pp50–52)
Marijke VosPoliticianNetherlands[63]
VydūnasTeacher, poet, humanist, philosopher and LithuanianLithuania[405]
Herschel WalkerFormer American college and professional football player and a mixed martial artistUnited States[406]
David WallechinskyAuthor of many Olympic reference books and other reference booksUnited States[38](pp219–224)
Bernard WeatherillPolitician, Speaker of the House of CommonsUnited Kingdom[407]
Dennis WeaverActorUnited States[408]
John WesleyFounder of MethodismUnited Kingdom[409]
Forest WhitakerActor, producer, directorUnited States[410][411]
Ellen G. WhiteAuthor and Co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist ChurchUnited States[412]
Zara WhitesFormer adult film actressNetherlands[nb 28]
Norbert WienerMathematician, famous child prodigy, originator of cyberneticsUnited States[414]
Faye Wongrecording artist, actressChina[415][416]
S. Fowler WrightNovelistUnited Kingdom[nb 29]
Esmé Wynne-TysonActress and writerUnited Kingdom[38](pp167–171)
Shmuly Yanklowitzmodern Orthodox Rabbi, activist, educator, writer, motivational speaker, social entrepreneur, founder of Uri L'TzedekUnited States[418][419]
Owain YeomanActorUnited Kingdom[420]
Yoon Jin-seoActressSouth Korea[24]
Marguerite YourcenarAuthor, essayist, poetFrance[421][422]
ZarathustraFounder of ZoroastrianismPersia[30]
Ethan ZohnSoccer playerUnited States[294]
Rob ZombieMusician, songwriter, screenwriter, film director, film producer, programmer, music producerUnited States[423]

Former vegetarians[edit]

Morten AbelMusicianNorway[228]
Louisa May AlcottNovelistUnited States[nb 30]
Gillian AndersonActressUnited States[424]
Christian BaleActorUnited Kingdom[425]
Blixa BargeldMusicianGermany[426]
Amber BensonActressUnited States[427]
14th Dalai LamaMonkTibet[259]
Prince FielderBaseball playerUnited States[428]
Benjamin FranklinPoliticianUnited States[30]
Sam HarrisAuthor and neuroscientistUnited States[429]
Josh HartnettActorUnited States[259][430]
Darren HayesSinger-songwriterAustralia[431]
Sir Ian McKellenActorUnited Kingdom[432][433]
Meat LoafMusicianUnited States[434]
Alyssa MilanoActressUnited States[435][436]
Dannii MinogueActress, singerUnited Kingdom[437]
Julia SawalhaActressUnited Kingdom[259]
Dax ShepardActorUnited States[47]
Arve TellefsenViolinistNorway[438]
Paul WellerMusicianUnited Kingdom[439]
Reese WitherspoonActressUnited States[259]
Kareena KapoorActressIndia[440]
Hayden PanettiereActressUnited States[441]

Disputed vegetarians[edit]

This list includes only those for whom there is a legitimate dispute of the fact and omits those merely rumored of being a vegetarian, regardless of how widely such rumor is spread.
John AbrahamActorIndia[442]
Charlotte BrontëNovelistUnited Kingdom[nb 31]
Clement of AlexandriaTheologianGreece[443]
Albert EinsteinTheoretical physicistGermany[30][nb 32]
Ralph Waldo EmersonWriter, philosopherUnited States[30][nb 33]
Henry FordFounder of Ford Motor CompanyUnited States[446][nb 34]
Michael JacksonSingerUnited States[447]
Steve JobsCo-founder of Apple Inc.United States[448][nb 35]
John the BaptistItinerant preacher and a major religious figureRoman Empire[450]
Abraham Lincoln16th President of the United StatesUnited States[451]
Sir Isaac NewtonScientistUnited Kingdom[30]
PlatoClassical Greek philosopher, mathematician, student of Socrates, writer, founder of the Academy in AthensGreece[30][nb 36][452]
William ShakespearePlaywrightUnited Kingdom[30][nb 37]
SocratesPhilosopherGreece[nb 38]
Henry David ThoreauAuthorUnited States[30][nb 39]
Mark TwainAuthor, humoristUnited States[nb 40]
VoltaireWriter, philosopher, playwrightFrance[30]
Richard WagnerComposerGermany[30][103](pp371–374)[455](pp89–95)[nb 41]

See also[edit]


  1. Jump up ^ (Original Dutch) V: "Wie is die man die 's zondags het vlees snijdt?" A: "De tofoe snijdt, want ik ben vegetariër." (Translation into English) Q: "Who is that man preparing the meat on Sunday?" A: "Preparing the tofu, because I am a vegetarian."[50]
  2. Jump up ^ (Original Dutch) "Wat hebben Paul McCartney, Claudia de Breij, Erik Mouthaan en Pia Douwes met elkaar gemeen? [..] Ze zijn vegetariërs..." (Translation into English) "What do Paul McCartney, Claudia de Breij, Erik Mouthaan and Pia Douwes have in common? [..] They're vegetarians..."[52]
  3. Jump up ^ Gregerson[61](p21) observes: "As Zen roshi, Philip Kapleau points out (see his Cherish All Life), any attempt by Theravadins and others to attribute to the Buddha himself, words permitting the consumption of meat involve a blatant falsification and corruption of sacred texts!"
  4. Jump up ^ "I became a vegetarian in 1976 while watching a deer being butchered."[88]
  5. Jump up ^ "It may be of interest to note, in view of his exuberant vigor and great powers of endurance, that d'Albert is a strict vegetarian"[101](p196)
  6. Jump up ^ "He ate once a day, after sunset, sometimes once in two days, and often even in four. His food was bread and salt, his drink, water only. Of flesh and wine it is superfluous even to speak, since no such thing was found with the other earnest men."[157]:Paragraph 7
  7. Jump up ^ (Original Dutch) "Presentator Babs Assink vraagt vegetariër en dierenvriend 't Hart of het een angstaanjagend beeld is dat wij het varken tot op het bot verslinden." (Translation into English) "Presenter Babs Assink asks vegetarian and animal friend 't Hart whether or not it is a frightening image that we devour our pigs to the bone."[170]
  8. Jump up ^ "If the FRS knew Hartley as a friend, he would know him to be a mathematician with a special interest in statistics, an amateur violinist, and a vegetarian who saw animals as bearing a "near relation" to humans."[172]
  9. Jump up ^ See also: the Vegetarianism of Adolf Hitler.
  10. Jump up ^ (Original Dutch) "Zijn gedrevenheid moet, zeggen velen, voortkomen uit religieus besef: de vegetariër Koffeman is net als zijn vrouw belijdend Zevende-dagsadventist, een klein protestants kerkgenootschap."' (Translation into English) "His determination has to, some say, come from religieus belief: the vegetarian Koffeman is just like his wife a practising Seventh-day Adventist, a small protestant denomination."[216]
  11. Jump up ^ [1892] "Under Diefenbachs theosophical influence Kupka becomes a strict vegetarian and adopts a regime of daily physical exercises".[226](p21)
  12. Jump up ^ [1894] "Meets Nazarene artist Karl Diefenbach, who advocates man's return to naure. Moves to Diefenbach's home and participates in communal life-style there, which features vegetarian cuisine, outdoor baths, nude exercising, discussions about spiritual issues, music, and painting."[227](p408)
  13. Jump up ^ "True it is that Lamartine ate flesh and fish at one period of his life; but we have the authority of Douglas Jerrold's London Journal for assuring our readers that he is again a vegetarian."[124](p222)
  14. Jump up ^ "Lamartine said that, despite his conventions, in adulthood he conformed to society by eating meat. But contemporaries recall that later in life Lamartine reconverted to vegetarianism after travelling through India, and lived in Paris like a Hindu vegetarian..."[232](p214)
  15. Jump up ^ "The following season proved a very gloomy one for Mahler. Once more the "city of music" could furnish him no greater material consolation than that of a few piano-pupils. Evenings he would attach himself to a group of young, poverty-stricken Wagnerian enthusiasts and over a cup of coffee help wage the abstract battles of the music-dramatist's political and ethical doctrines. Of these sage utterances one the young musicians adopted unanimously was the proposal to regenerate mankind through strict, vegetarian diet. Perhaps the cost of meat-dishes had as much to do with this resolution as the realization that carnivorous humanity was going to the dogs. [...] Although two years had passed since those unforgettable meatless meetings of the young Wagnerians in Vienna, Mahler was in Olmuetz still a vegetarian, claiming bitterly that he went to the restaurant to starve."[260]:Chapter III
  16. Jump up ^ "Keussler is also already here. A splendid fellow. After the Saturday evening rehearsal I'll be joining him for a vegetarian meal. (10 September 1908)"(p254); "I'll presumably have to assume the role of 'the flesh pots in the land of Egypt'. Ouch! What a metaphor for a husband with vegetarian inclinations! (June 1909)."(p272)[261]
  17. Jump up ^ Jaime de Magalhães Lima (1859–1936) was a Portuguese writer born in Aveiro. He studied Law in the University of Coimbra. He was an admirer of Tolstoy and visited him in Russia. In 1912 he wrote the essay O Vegetarismo e a Moralidade das raças.[262]
  18. Jump up ^ 'O consumo de animais é supérfluo, não há razão para continuar a comê-los quando é tão fácil ser vegetariano', comentou Desidério Murcho, filósofo e vegetariano convicto ['The consumption of animals is unnecessary, there is no reason to continue to eat them when it is so easy to be vegetarian,' said Desiderio Murch, philosopher and vegetarian].[297]
  19. Jump up ^ "I advocate eating nutritious food (I'm a vegetarian), working out, being in top form mentally and physically...".[303](pp172–173)
  20. Jump up ^ (Original Dutch) "De koeien waren moe en zwak, maar werden toch de vrachtwagens ingeschopt en geslagen. Toen heb ik besloten daar niet mee aan mee te werken en vegetariër te worden." (Translation into English) "The cows were tired and weak and were brutally thrown into the trucks. At that point I decided to become a vegetarian and stop supporting this."[318]
  21. Jump up ^ "Plotinus came from somewhere in Egypt and lived a frugal life. He was celibate and vegetarian and took little in the way of food, drink and sleep."[326]
  22. Jump up ^ "Outro autor muito afamado de nossos dias, Raynal, era igualmente sóbrio. A senhora Marquesa de Alorna, que muitas vezes o teve a jantar, me contou, que nunca o vira comer mais que algumas poucas ervas e fruta, nem beber senão água."[336](pp281–282)
  23. Jump up ^ (Original Dutch) "Of vlees-vrije stijlvolle godinnen als Marly van der Velden, Alyssa Milano, Isa Hoes, Jorinde Moll, Loretta Schrijver [..]" (Translation into English) "Or meat free stylish goddesses like Marly van der Velden, Alyssa Milano, Isa Hoes, Jorinde Moll, Loretta Schrijver [..]"[359]
  24. Jump up ^ "Sextius thought, that there was food enough for man in the world without shedding blood; and that the taking pleasure in butchering helpless animals, only inspired men with cruelty."[366]
  25. Jump up ^ (Original Dutch) "Of ik zelf ook vegetariër ben? [..] Zelf heb ik dat vlees echter niet meer nodig. Bovendien wil ik graag advocaat voor de dieren zijn en u snapt dat ik dan liever niet mijn eigenklanten opeet." (Translation into English) "Whether or not I am a vegetarian myself? [..] I do not to eat meat anymore. In fact, I want to defend the rights of animals (as a lawyer) and I guess you understand I would rather not eat my own clients"[392]
  26. Jump up ^ "Repin's contemporary the prominent sculptor Paolo Trubetskoi was also sympathetic to theosophical ideas and was a vegetarian and confirmed antivivisectionist".[396]
  27. Jump up ^ (Original Dutch) V: "Waarom ben je vegetariër?" A: "'Ik vind het onzin om vlees te eten terwijl er tegenwoordig genoeg vleesvervangers zijn. Vlees eten is ontzettend zielig voor de diertjes. Ik ben dus zeker al twee jaar vegetariër." (Translation into English) Q: "Why are you a vegetarian?" A: "I think there is no sense in eating meat since there are loads of alternatives available. Eating meat, it's so sad for those poor animals. So I have been a vegetarian for at least two years."[401]
  28. Jump up ^ "[..] or Zara Whites, a former Dutch porn actress. The militant vegetarian made a half-naked appearance at the last 'Salon International de l'Agriculture'"[..][413]
  29. Jump up ^ He (Wright) did not smoke or eat meat, rarely drank alcohol, and exercised with a rare determination".[417]
  30. Jump up ^ Although Louisa May Alcott is in many famous vegetarians lists, she probably wasn't a vegetarian. It appears that although she was raised a vegetarian by her father Amos Bronson Alcott, she didn't maintain that diet. Vegetarian historian Rynn Berry wrote: "Whereas Amos Bronson Alcott remained a vegetarian for the rest of his life – refusing to consume milk, eggs, fish, meat, and cheese, or wear leather or woollen clothing – his wife and their four daughters were backsliders."[38](p133)
  31. Jump up ^ "The passage from Gaskell has persuaded many vegetarians that Charlotte Brontë was one of their number. In fact, even as children, the Brontë siblings ate flesh, both according to their father and to the friends. Moreover, the diaries of the Brontë children refer to their meals and their menus, all of which contain a flesh component."[171](p241)
  32. Jump up ^ Einstein was known to be sympathetic to the vegetarian cause: "Although I have been prevented by outward circumstances from observing a strictly vegetarian diet, I have long been an adherent to the cause in principle."[444] It is also possible that Einstein adopted a vegetarian diet in the final year of his life: a single letter to Hans Muehsam, dated March 30, 1954 states that he was vegetarian; while in a letter to Max Kariel seven months earlier, he said that he was not.[445]
  33. Jump up ^ Although Emerson appears in many un-sourced "Famous Vegetarian" Lists in the internet, he was not a vegetarian: "Once, while Amos Bronson Alcott (a vegetarian) sat at Ralph Waldo Emerson's dinner table, his host discussed the savagery of cannibalism. Emerson was carving a roast as he told his tale. Alcott joked with his nonvegetarian fiend: "But Mr. Emerson, if we are to eat meat at all why should we not eat the best?"[6](p58)
  34. Jump up ^ "Ford, not a vegetarian, was obsessed with soybeans […]"[6](p157)
  35. Jump up ^ Some sources state that Jobs was pescetarian rather than vegetarian.[449]
  36. Jump up ^ "Ancient sources sometimes identify Plato as a vegetarian, but none of these were his contemporaries, and it is not clear whether their authors knew for a fact that he ate no meat, or were making an assumption based on the vegetarian passages in The Republic and the Laws and the obvious Pythagorean influence in Plato's philosophy."[60](p33)
  37. Jump up ^ "Another list named Shakespeare, the economic and social theorist Adam Smith (an advocate but not a practitioner), and that avid hunter Prince Charles as "famous vegetarians." There is no evidence to support the vegetarianism of any one of them – and a great deal to indicate otherwise."[171](p21)..."Even Shakespeare who was no vegetarian was burlesquing the Pythagorean theory of reincarnation […]"[38](p4)
  38. Jump up ^ Norm Phelps argues that Socrates was not a vegetarian.[60](pp32–33)
  39. Jump up ^ And numerous lists of vegetarians include both Henry David Thoreau and Charles Darwin, neither of whom gave up flesh or claimed to do so."[453]
  40. Jump up ^ Mark Twain is on many famous vegetarian lists, however these lists fail to provide evidence to substantiate the claim. Shelley Fisher Fishkin, the editor of The Mark Twain's Book of Animals writes that "Twain was not a vegetarian himself".[454]
  41. Jump up ^ Lilli Lehmann, My Path Through Life (1914): "We stayed to a meal with the Wagners, during which he talked much about vegetarianism that he wanted to adopt entirely, but his physician was opposed to it. After what I know of it to-day from my own experience, I am certain that Wagner, without going to the extremes of vegetarianism, would have found it a means of lengthening his life."


  1. Jump up ^ Mentioned in Dilbert: A Treasury of Sunday Strips
  2. Jump up ^ "Verkiezing van de meest sexy vegtariër 2007 (Vrouwen): Nominaties vrouwen 2007" (in Dutch). Wakker Dier. 2007. Archived from the original on 16 February 2008. Retrieved 26 April 2008. 
  3. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g Schwartz, R.H., 2001. Judaism and Vegetarianism. New revised edition. Lantern Books.
  4. Jump up ^ The Extra Stuff (13 April 2010). "Everything You Wanted to Know about 'Glee'!". Warner Bros. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  5. Jump up ^ Dianna Agron profile, Marie Claire UK, Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  6. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l Iacobbo & Iacobbo, 2004. Vegetarian America: A History, Praeger.
  7. Jump up ^ Akasha Richmond, Hollywood Dish: More Than 150 Delicious, Healthy Recipes from Hollywood's Chef to the Stars, Avery Publishing Group, 2006 p. 114.
  8. Jump up ^ LIFE - Vol.24, N.º 19, 10 Mai 1948, p. 132.
  9. Jump up ^ Glancey, Jonathan (1996) "Glancey, Jonathan (12 April 1996). "Bring me your young, your disenchanted". The Independent (London). ",The Independent, 12 April 1996
  10. Jump up ^ William Alcott, The Vegetable Diet As Sanctioned by Medical Men and By Experience in All Ages, New York, 1859.
  11. Jump up ^ "Quinn Allman's Biography – Discover music, videos, concerts, & pictures at". 21 November 2008. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
  12. Jump up ^ "About Me". 
  13. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h Walters, K.S. & Portmess, L., eds., 2001. Religious Vegetarianism from Hesiod to the Dalai Lama, State University of New York Press.
  14. Jump up ^ Miller, Gerri (21 November 2007). "Christina Applegate Poses for Revealing PETA Card". Time Inc. Archived from the original on 29 March 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  15. Jump up ^ "Christina Applegate: "Fur: Get Me Not!"". People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. 2007. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  16. Jump up ^ "What's the story with Johnny Appleseed?". 
  17. Jump up ^ Newell Dwight Hillis, The Quest of John Chapman: The Story of a Forgotten Hero, The Macmillan Company, 1904
  18. Jump up ^
  19. Jump up ^ Wheatley, Jane ""I want to be by myself". The Times (London). ", The Times, 19 June 2004
  20. Jump up ^ GmbH, Munich, Germany. "Prominente Vegetarier - Fleischlos glücklich - Bild 4 - Leben". Retrieved 3 February 2012. 
  21. Jump up ^ "Die Zukunft isst vegetarisch". Retrieved 3 February 2012. 
  22. Jump up ^ Thaila Ayala sobre casaco de pele: "Não vamos vestir a morte" [Thaila Ayala on fur coat: "We will not put on death"] (2011-11-07) (in Portuguese), ANDA. Retrieved 2012-05-15, Archive (2012-05-15), "Archive2".  (2012-05-15)
  23. Jump up ^ "Satnam Interview with Amitabh Bachchan". [dead link]
  24. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e Lee, Seo-hyun, '송일국-이하늬-윤진서-김효진-배종옥' 공통점은! [Song Il-gook, Lee Han-ui, Yun Jin-seo, Kim Hyo-jin and Bae Jong-ok have something in common] (4 January 2012) (in Korean), Shinmoongo. Retrieved 2012-05-11, Archive (11 May 2012), "Archive2".  (11 May 2012)
  25. Jump up ^ "EVA - Nic Balthazar (Interview)". 
  26. Jump up ^ "Arnaldo Dias Baptista torna-se embaixador da ANDA e se alia à defesa dos animais".  (Portuguese)
  27. Jump up ^ Biography, unknown date. [TV programme] CBS News, A&E Network.
  28. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j Roberts, H., 2004. Vegetarian Christian Saints, Anjeli Press.
  29. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Preece, R. ed., 2002 Awe for the Tiger, Love for the Lamb: A Chronicle of Sensibility to Animals. Routledge.
  30. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Cousens, Gabriel (2000). Conscious eating. Berkeley, California: North Atlantic Books. p. 413. ISBN 1-55643-285-2.
  31. Jump up ^ "Spiritual Traditions and Vegetarianism". 
  32. Jump up ^ "Jeff Beck interview in The Guitar Magazine". 
  33. Jump up ^ Young, Bob (21 June 2007). "Raja's beef? There is none". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved 4 August 2007. [dead link]
  34. Jump up ^ "Model of the Day: Lexi Belle". 26 April 2010. Retrieved 3 February 2012. 
  35. Jump up ^ Wintour, Patrick "Wintour, Patrick (6 August 2007). "Vegetarian minister faces big task in winning farmers' trust". The Guardian (London). ", The Guardian, 6 August 2007
  36. Jump up ^ "J.D. Beresford, who died early this year at the age of seventy-four, was for the last eight years of his life, a confirmed vegetarian." Review of "The Gift" by J.D. Beresford and Esmé Wynne-Tyson, The Vegetarian News magazine, Winter 1947.
  37. Jump up ^ "Elizabeth Berkley: The Original Lettuce Lady". 
  38. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Berry, R., 2003. Famous Vegetarians, Pythagorean Publishers.
  39. Jump up ^ "PETA UK: Traci Bingham Gets to the Meat of the Matter". [dead link]
  40. Jump up ^ The Washington Post (December 15, 2000). "Navy's Chief of Chaplains' Concerns Include the Worldly, as Well as Divine". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 23, 2013. 
  41. Jump up ^ Black, Barry (June 22, 2007). "Chaplain Barry Black Extended Interview". Religion & Ethics Newsweekly. Interview with Kim Lawton (PBS). Retrieved October 24, 2013. 
  42. Jump up ^ "Scoop: TV Star Goes Green for PETA's Ad Campaign". 
  43. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Toorn-Van Dam, Martine van den, 1970. De waarheid over het vegetarisme. 3rd ed. Emmen, Netherlands: Stichting De Ark.
  44. Jump up ^ "Dancing With the (Compassionate) Stars". , PETA, 31 August 2010.
  45. Jump up ^ "Vegetarian diets, when properly planned, provide all the nutrients you need". Retrieved 25 December 2008. 
  46. Jump up ^ Street Fight, 2005. [Film] Directed by Marshall Curry. Marshall Curry Productions LLC.
  47. ^ Jump up to: a b c Waxman, Olivia (28 June 2013). "Kristen Bell and Dax Shepard Are PETA’s Sexiest Celebrity Vegetarians". Time. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  48. Jump up ^ C. W. Leadbeater, Vegetarianism and Occultism, 1913, p. 24-25.
  49. ^ Jump up to: a b c d "Kjente og berømte vegetarianere". Retrieved 19 February 2010. [dead link]
  50. Jump up ^ Neefjes, Carine (23 October 2006). "Wouter Bos: De man die zondags tofoe snijdt" (in Dutch). Retrieved 16 April 2008. [dead link]
  51. Jump up ^ "Profile: Jonathan "Jock" Boyer". Bicycling ( 2 February 2009. Retrieved 19 February 2010. [dead link][dead link]
  52. ^ Jump up to: a b Gelder, Geertemarie de (21 November 2005). "Het zangzaad van Coldplay" (in Dutch). Kennislink. Retrieved 21 April 2008. 
  53. Jump up ^ " about Eva Briegel's participation in their Go Veggie campaign, 2006".  (in German)
  54. Jump up ^ "Exclusive Interview: Christie Brinkley Details The Eating Plan That Makes Her Look Great". Shape (The American Media, Inc). March 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
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  260. Jump up ^ Gabriel Engel, "Gustav Mahler, Song Symphonist". 
  261. Jump up ^ Gustav Mahler: Letters To His Wife, edited by Henry-Louis de La Grange and Gunther Weiss, Cornell University Press, 2004
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  266. Jump up ^ Shircore,Ian (2012). Conspiracy! 49 Reasons to Doubt, 50 Reasons to Believe. New York: John Blake Publishing. ISBN 9781857827408. 
  267. Jump up ^ "Sexy Jodie Marsh Does Her Part for Animals". 
  268. Jump up ^ "Chris Martin named world's sexiest vegetarian". The Sydney Morning Herald. 23 July 2005. Retrieved 20 May 2008. 
  269. Jump up ^ Kretzer,Michelle (31 March 2013). Ricky Martin is Livin' la Vida Vegetarian. PETA. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
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  272. Jump up ^ "Mojo Mathers". , Green Party
  273. Jump up ^ "Alicia Mayer Challenges Men to 'Get It Up'". 
  274. Jump up ^ Linda McCartney, by Danny Fields, Time Warner Paperbacks, 1 February 2001, ISBN 0-7515-2985-0
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  282. Jump up ^ Vegetarianos famosos - luisamellsite - XPG
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  284. Jump up ^ From tea-seller to India's top job: The rise of Narendra Modi - PARTH M.N., Los Angeles Times 16.05.2014
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  290. Jump up ^ "A Veggie Testimonial From Shanna Moakler!". 
  291. Jump up ^ "Gandhi’s decisive South African 1913 campaign: a personal perspective from the letters of Betty Molteno". 
  292. Jump up ^ "Sophie Monk Poses Nude to Promote Vegetarianism". 
  293. Jump up ^ "Obituaries: Theodore Monod". The Daily Telegraph (London). 24 November 2000. 
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  304. Jump up ^ "Weeds Star Kevin Nealon's Vegetarian Testimonial". Go Veg. Retrieved 22 May 2008. 
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  309. Jump up ^ "'Playmate of the Year' Hawks (Faux) Hot Dogs". 
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  319. Jump up ^ "Interview with Cem Özdemir from the German Vegetarierbund (Vegetarian association)". 
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  321. Jump up ^ Harvey, Chris (26 June 2008). "Monty Panesar: star turn". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
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  324. Jump up ^ "SoyStache interview with actress Alexandra Paul". 
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  331. Jump up ^ "John Cowper has been a vegetarian for many years..."Oloff De Wet and John Cowper Powys, A Visit To John Cowper Powys. London : Village Press, 1974. ISBN 0904247252 (p. 18)
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  335. Jump up ^ released by Bruce C. Berndt, Robert Alexander Rankin (2001) Ramanujan: Essays and Surveys Providence, Rhode Island: American Mathematical Society. p. [5] ISBN 0-8218-2624-7
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  338. Jump up ^ Goldstein, D. 1997. Is Hay Ony for Horses?. In Musya Glants and Joyce Toomre, eds. Food in Russian History and Culture. Indiana University Press.
  339. Jump up ^ "The singer, the song". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 16 February 2004. 
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  342. Jump up ^ Ackford, Paul (31 January 2005). "Andy Robinson". The Daily Telegraph (London).  Daily Telegraph, 31 January 2005
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  344. Jump up ^ "ANDA: Notáveis vegetarianos e defensores do vegetarianismo".  (Portuguese)
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  349. Jump up ^ "World's Sexiest Vegetarian Celebrities". . PETA. Retrieved 18 February 2008.
  350. Jump up ^ "RZA Introduces His "RZA Veggie Burger"". 
  351. Jump up ^ "Rza, Unspoken Word". 
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  353. Jump up ^ "150 volksvertegenwoordigers: DIEDERIK SAMSOM" (in Dutch). Stichting Per Definitie. Retrieved 20 April 2008. 
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  360. Jump up ^ "Scott Pilgrim Vs. The World's Jason Schwartzman Talks With Us". K-Hits. CBS Radio. 9 November 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
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  364. Jump up ^ "Serenity". Wicked Pictures. Archived from the original on 1 June 2010. 
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  372. Jump up ^ Grace Farrell, ed., Isaac Bashevis Singer: Conversations", University Press of Mississippi, 1992, pp. 29, 120-121, 150
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  379. Jump up ^ O Vegetariano: Mensário Naturista Ilustrado, Porto.
  380. Jump up ^ Henry Spira: The Interview, by Erik Marcus[dead link]
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  382. Jump up ^ "PETA Motive - Vegetarismus".  (German)
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  384. Jump up ^ "What's in your basket? Joss Stone, soul singer". (London). 24 February 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2008. 
  385. Jump up ^ "Introducing Joss Stone's Vegetarian Ad". petaDishroom. Retrieved 5 July 2007. [dead link]
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  387. Jump up ^ What happened to Mark Suppelsa
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  389. Jump up ^ PJ Grimes/PivotPointe. "Backstage Gourmet Quotes". Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
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  394. Jump up ^ Ernest Howard Crosby, Tolstoy and His Message, London, 1904 [Elibron Classics facsimile, 2005], p. 88.
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  396. Jump up ^ The Spiritual in art: abstract painting 1890-1985, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1987, p. 182
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  407. Jump up ^ "Obituaries". , Young Indian Vegetarians, issue 50, p.8
  408. Jump up ^ "A TV hero for real-life change: Dennis Weaver, actor, 1924-2006" in The Sydney Morning Herald, 29 March 2006, p. 29
  409. Jump up ^ Hattersley, Roy (2003-06-24). The Life of John Wesley: A Brand from the Burning. Doubleday. p. 192. ISBN 978-0385503341. "On his way to Georgia in 1735 [Wesley] became a vegetarian. Two years later he began to eat meat again. But in 1740, ... he became a vegetarian once more. And so he remained, to the undoubted benefit of his constitution, for the rest of his life." 
  410. Jump up ^ "Forest Whitaker: The King Of The Oscars?". CBS News.  CBS News. 4 February 2007.
  411. Jump up ^ "PSA for PETA".  PETA TV.
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  419. Jump up ^ "Rabbi Shmuly Yanklowitz Describing How He Became a Vegetarian". , The Shamayim V'Aretz Institute. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  420. Jump up ^ "'The Mentalist' Star Sheds Meat (and His Shirt)". 
  421. Jump up ^ "Famous Belgians Marguerite Yourcenar". 
  422. Jump up ^ L'humanisme et la cause animale[dead link]
  423. Jump up ^ "Rob Zombie Does Not Eat Flesh". 
  424. Jump up ^ Sparkle Soojian. "The Green Scene Teens turn to vegetarianism for different reasons." The Fresno Bee. 15 July 2001. Section: Life E6. See also Reed Parsell. "Vegging Out." The Sacramento Bee. 13 July 2002. Section: Travel M1.
  425. Jump up ^ Destries, Michael (19 May 2009). "Christian Bale Dropped Being Vegetarian After Seeing Life Is Beautiful". Ecorazzi. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  426. Jump up ^ Hoch, J., 2009. Blixa Bargeld: "Ich war ja nie der Punk, der vorm Postamt rumsteht" (German). Spiegel Online, [internet] 27 January. Available at,1518,602439,00.html and archived at [. Retrieved 8 August 2009].
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  429. Jump up ^ | Quote: "I was a vegetarian for six years [...]."
  430. Jump up ^ "Ex-Vegetarian Josh Hartnett Suffers Abdominal Pains — Too Much Meat?". 
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  435. Jump up ^ Milano, Alyssa. "Alyssa Milano's Dinner Party". , Retrieved 1 June 2012.[dead link]
  436. Jump up ^ PETA 2, unknown date. Let Vegetarianism Grow on You. [Online], poster. Available at [8] and File:Alyssa Milano 3.jpg. [. Retrieved 5 April 2009].[dead link]
  437. Jump up ^ "Showbiz — News — Ten Things You Never Knew About Dannii Minogue". Digital Spy. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
  438. Jump up ^ "Sexy vegetarianere — VG Nett om Pamela Anderson". 25 February 2003. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
  439. Jump up ^ "NME Track Reviews - Weller, Paul : Leafy Mysteries". Nme.Com. 27 November 2002. Retrieved 3 February 2012. 
  440. Jump up ^ Kareena Kapoor is no longer a vegetarian
  441. Jump up ^ Hayden Panettiere Ditched Her Vegetarian Diet-Have You Ever Flip-Flopped?
  442. Jump up ^ Parekh, Mitali (20 November 2010). "John sticks to vegetarianism". Times of India. Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  443. Jump up ^ See: Jon Gregerson, Vegetarianism: A History, Jain Publishing Co, 1996, p. 46-47.
  444. Jump up ^ Calaprice, Alice. The New Quotable Einstein (translation of letter to Hermann Huth, December 27, 1930; Einstein Archive 46-756). 
  445. Jump up ^ "History of Vegetarianism". 
  446. Jump up ^ Kiley, David. Kiley, David (10 June 2003). "First Henry Ford had wide-ranging interests". USA Today. 10 June 2003.
  447. Jump up ^ "Vegetarian Star - Michael Jackson Loved Tofu Enchiladas With Cheese, Green Sauce". 
  448. Jump up ^ Elkind, Peter (15 March 2008). "The trouble with Steve Jobs". Fortune. Retrieved 21 July 2008. 
  449. Jump up ^ Altucher, James (October 6, 2011). "10 Unusual Things I Didn't Know About Steve Jobs". Forbes. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 
  450. Jump up ^ Kelhoffer, James A. (2005). "1B: 4. A 'Vegetarian' Historical Baptist? (Pallis, Kieferndorf and Eisler)". The Diet of John the Baptist: "Locusts and Wild Honey" in Synoptic and Patristic Interpretation. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen Zum Neuen Testament 176. Mohr Siebeck. pp. 19–21. ISBN 9783161484605. 
  451. Jump up ^ Mike Hudak,"Abraham Lincoln: Vegetarian and Animal Rights Advocate?—A Review of the Evidence". 
  452. Jump up ^ Robbins, John (1987). Diet for a new America: how your food choices affect your health, happiness, and the future of life on earth. Cover design by Eismont Design. Graphics by Deo Robbins. Cover production by Jim Marin. Stillpoint Publishing. p. 95. ISBN 0-915811-81-2. 
  453. Jump up ^ Preece, R, 2008. Sins of the Flesh: A History of Ethical Vegetarian Thought, University of British Columbia Press.
  454. Jump up ^ Fishkin, S.F. ed., 2009. Mark Twain's Book of Animals. University of California Press. p.316
  455. Jump up ^ «Arguments against Ethical Vegetarianism» in Walters, K.S., & Portmess, L., eds., 1999. Ethical Vegetarianism from Pythagoras to Peter Singer, State University of New York Press.

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