Friday, 10 October 2014

What the Bleep Do We Know!?

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What the Bleep Do We Know!?
Bleep lg.jpg
Promotional poster.
Directed byWilliam Arntz
Betsy Chasse
Mark Vicente
Produced byWilliam Arntz
Betsy Chasse
Mark Vicente
Written byWilliam Arntz
Matthew Hoffman
Betsy Chasse
Mark Vicente
CinematographyDavid Bridges
Mark Vicente
Edited byJonathan Shaw
Distributed byRoadside Attractions
Release dates
  • April 23, 2004 (2004-04-23) (Phoenix)
  • June 18, 2004 (2004-06-18) (LA)
  • September 10, 2004 (2004-09-10) (NY)
Running time109 minutes
CountryUnited States
Box office$15,998,178
What the Bleep Do We Know!? (stylized as What tнē #$*! D̄ө ωΣ (k)πow!? and What the #$*! Do We Know!?) is a 2004 film that combines documentary-style interviews, computer-animated graphics, and a narrative that posits a spiritual connection between quantum physics and consciousness. The plot follows the story of a photographer as she encounters emotional and existential obstacles in her life and begins to consider the idea that individual and group consciousness can influence the material world. Her experiences are offered by the filmmakers to illustrate the movie's thesis about quantum physics and consciousness. The 2004 theatrical release of the film was followed by a substantially changed, extended DVD version in 2006.
Bleep was conceived and its production funded by William Arntz, who co-directed the film along with Betsy Chasse and Mark Vicente; all three were students of Ramtha's School of Enlightenment. A moderately low-budget independent film, it was promoted using viral marketing methods and opened in art-house theaters in the western United States, winning several independent film awards before being picked up by a major distributor and eventually grossing over $10 million.
The film has been criticized for both misrepresenting science and containing pseudoscience and has been described as a case of quantum mysticism.


Filmed in Portland, Oregon, What the Bleep Do We Know[1] presents a viewpoint of the physical universe and human life within it, with connections to neuroscience and quantum physics. Some ideas discussed in the film are:
  • The universe is best seen as constructed from thought (or ideas) rather than from matter.
  • "Empty space" is not empty.
  • Matter is not solid. Electrons pop in and out of existence and it is unknown where they disappear to.
  • Beliefs about who one is and what is real are a direct cause of oneself and of one's own realities.
  • Peptides manufactured in the brain can cause a bodily reaction to emotion.
In the narrative segments of the movie, Marlee Matlin portrays Amanda, a photographer who plays the role of everywoman as she experiences her life from startlingly new and different perspectives.
In the documentary segments of the film, interviewees discuss the roots and meaning of Amanda's experiences. The comments focus primarily on a single theme: We create our own reality. The director, William Arntz, has described What the Bleep as a movie for the "metaphysical left".[2]



The film includes over four hundred visual effects shots[3] —a very large shot count for an independent, privately financed film. Budget constraints required an international effort. Work was split between Toronto-based Mr. X Inc., Lost Boys Studios in Vancouver, and Atomic Visual Effects in Cape Town, South Africa.[4] The visual effects team, led by Evan Jacobs, worked closely with the filmmakers to create visual metaphors that would capture the essence of the film's technical subjects with attention to aesthetic detail.[4]
The wedding was filmed in St. Patrick's Catholic Church, which was built in 1888 and is in northwest Portland. St. Patrick's is not a Polish parish, as was shown in the movie; historically it has had a primarily Irish congregation. Some of the interviews were filmed on the Campus of the University of Washington in Seattle. Most notably, the grand staircase and reading room of Suzzallo Library, the quad, and the front of Denny Hall were used as interview locations.


Lacking the funding and resources of the typical Hollywood film, the filmmakers relied on "guerrilla marketing" first to get the film into theaters, and then to attract audiences. This has led to accusations, both formal and informal, directed towards the film's proponents, of spamming online message boards and forums with many thinly veiled promotional posts. Initially, the film was released in only two theaters: one in Yelm, Washington (the home of the producers, which is also the home of Ramtha), and the other the Bagdad Theater in Portland, Oregon, where it was filmed. Within several weeks, the film had appeared in a dozen or more theaters (mostly in the western United States), and within six months it had made its way into 200 theaters across the US.[5]
According to the makers of the film, "Bleep" is an expurgation of "fuck". William Arntz has referred to the film as "WTFDWK" in a message to Bleep's street team.[6]
The Institute of Noetic Sciences, a New Age research organization that "explores phenomena that do not necessarily fit conventional scientific models", has supported What the Bleep Do We Know!? and published a study guide.[7]


According to Publishers Weekly, the movie was one of the sleeper hits of 2004, as "word-of-mouth and strategic marketing kept it in theaters for an entire year." The article states that the domestic gross exceeded $10 million, described as not bad for a low-budget documentary, and that the DVD release attained even more significant success with over a million units shipped in the first six months following its release in March 2005.[5] Foreign gross added another $5 million for a worldwide gross of nearly $16 million.[8]
In the Publishers Weekly article, publicist Linda Rienecker of New Page Books says that she sees the film's success as part of a wider phenomenon, stating "A large part of the population is seeking spiritual connections, and they have the whole world to choose from now".[5] Author Barrie Dolnick adds that "people don't want to learn how to do one thing. They'll take a little bit of Buddhism, a little bit of veganism, a little bit of astrology... They're coming into the marketplace hungry for direction, but they don't want some person who claims to have all the answers. They want suggestions, not formulas."[5] The same article quotes Bill Pfau, Advertising Manager of Inner Traditions, as saying "More and more ideas from the New Age community have become accepted into the mainstream."
Film critics offered mixed reviews as seen on the movie review website Rotten Tomatoes, where it was classified as "Rotten", with an average score of 4.6/10 based on 74 reviews.[9] In his review of the movie, Dave Kehr of the New York Times described the "transition from quantum mechanics to cognitive therapy" as "plausible", but stated also that "the subsequent leap—from cognitive therapy into large, hazy spiritual beliefs—isn't as effectively executed. Suddenly people who were talking about subatomic particles are alluding to alternate universes and cosmic forces, all of which can be harnessed in the interest of making Ms. Matlin's character feel better about her thighs."[10]

New Age community reaction[edit]

What the Bleep Do We Know!? has been described as "a kind of New Age answer to The Passion of the Christ and other films that adhere to traditional religious teachings."[2] It offers alternative spirituality views characteristic of New Age philosophy, including critiques of traditional religion's moral values.[11]

Academic reaction[edit]

Scientists who have reviewed What the Bleep Do We Know!? have described distinct assertions made in the film as pseudoscience.[12][13] Lisa Randall refers to the film as "the bane of scientists".[14] Amongst the assertions in the film that have been challenged are that water molecules can be influenced by thought (as popularized by Masaru Emoto), that meditation can reduce violent crime rates,[15] and that quantum physics implies that "consciousness is the ground of all being." The film was also discussed in a letter published in Physics Today that challenges how physics is taught, saying teaching fails to "expose the mysteries physics has encountered [and] reveal the limits of our understanding". In the letter, the authors write: "the movie illustrates the uncertainty principle with a bouncing basketball being in several places at once. There's nothing wrong with that. It's recognized as pedagogical exaggeration. But the movie gradually moves to quantum 'insights' that lead a woman to toss away her antidepressant medication, to the quantum channeling of Ramtha, the 35,000-year-old Lemurian warrior, and on to even greater nonsense." It went on to say that "Most laypeople cannot tell where the quantum physics ends and the quantum nonsense begins, and many are susceptible to being misguided," and that "a physics student may be unable to convincingly confront unjustified extrapolations of quantum mechanics," a shortcoming which the authors attribute to the current teaching of quantum mechanics, in which "we tacitly deny the mysteries physics has encountered".[12]
Richard Dawkins stated that "the authors seem undecided whether their theme is quantum theory or consciousness. Both are indeed mysterious, and their genuine mystery needs none of the hype with which this film relentlessly and noisily belabours us", concluding that the film is "tosh". Professor Clive Greated wrote that "thinking on neurology and addiction are covered in some detail but, unfortunately, early references in the film to quantum physics are not followed through, leading to a confused message". Despite his caveats, he recommends that people see the movie, stating: "I hope it develops into a cult movie in the UK as it has in the US. Science and engineering are important for our future, and anything that engages the public can only be a good thing." Simon Singh called it pseudoscience and said the suggestion "that if observing water changes its molecular structure, and if we are 90% water, then by observing ourselves we can change at a fundamental level via the laws of quantum physics" was "ridiculous balderdash". According to João Magueijo, professor in theoretical physics at Imperial College, the film deliberately misquotes science.[13] The American Chemical Society's review criticizes the film as a "pseudoscientific docudrama", saying "Among the more outlandish assertions are that people can travel backward in time, and that matter is actually thought."[15]
Bernie Hobbs, a science writer with ABC Science Online, explains why the movie is wrong about quantum physics and reality: "The observer effect of quantum physics isn't about people or reality. It comes from the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, and it's about the limitations of trying to measure the position and momentum of subatomic particles... this only applies to sub-atomic particles—a rock doesn't need you to bump into it to exist. It's there. The sub-atomic particles that make up the atoms that make up the rock are there too." Hobbs also discusses Hagelin's experiment with Transcendental Meditation and the Washington DC rate of violent crime, saying that "the number of murders actually went up". Hobbs also disputed the film's use of the ten percent myth.[16]
David Albert, a philosopher of physics who appears in the film, has accused the filmmakers of selectively editing his interview to make it appear that he endorses the film's thesis that quantum mechanics is linked with consciousness. He says he is "profoundly unsympathetic to attempts at linking quantum mechanics with consciousness".[17] These issues relate to the so-called Quantum mind-body problem.
In the film, during a discussion of the influence of experience on perception, Candace Pert notes a story, which she says she believes is true, of Native Americans being unable to see Columbus's ships because they were outside their experience. According to an article in Fortean Times by David Hambling, the origins of this story likely involved the voyages of Captain James Cook, not Columbus, and an account related by Robert Hughes which said Cook's ships were "...complex and unfamiliar as to defy the natives' understanding". Hambling says it is likely that both the Hughes account and the story told by Pert were exaggerations of the records left by Captain Cook and the botanist Joseph Banks. Historians believe the Native Americans likely saw the ships but ignored them as posing no immediate danger.[18]
Skeptic James Randi described the film as "a fantasy docudrama" and "[a] rampant example of abuse by charlatans and cults".[19] Eric Scerri in a review for Committee for Skeptical Inquiry dismisses it as "a hodgepodge of all kinds of crackpot nonsense," where "science [is] distorted and sensationalized".[20] A BBC reviewer described it as "a documentary aimed at the totally gullible".[21]
According to Margaret Wertheim, "History abounds with religious enthusiasts who have read spiritual portent into the arrangement of the planets, the vacuum of space, electromagnetic waves and the big bang. But no scientific discovery has proved so ripe for spiritual projection as the theories of quantum physics, replete with their quixotic qualities of uncertainty, simultaneity and parallelism." Wertheim continues that the movie "abandons itself entirely to the ecstasies of quantum mysticism, finding in this aleatory description of nature the key to spiritual transformation. As one of the film’s characters gushes early in the proceedings, 'The moment we acknowledge the quantum self, we say that somebody has become enlightened'. A moment in which 'the mathematical formalisms of quantum mechanics [...] are stripped of all empirical content and reduced to a set of syrupy nostrums'."[22]
Journalist John Gorenfeld, writing in Salon, notes that the film's three directors are students of Ramtha's School of Enlightenment, which he says has been described as a cult.[17]

Book adaptation and sequel film[edit]

In mid-2005, the filmmakers worked with HCI Books to expand on the film's themes in a book titled What the Bleep Do We Know!?—Discovering the Endless Possibilities of Your Everyday Reality. HCI president Peter Vegso stated that in regard to this book, "What the Bleep is the quantum leap in the New Age world," and "by marrying science and spirituality, it is the foundation of future thought."[5]
On August 1, 2006 What the Bleep! Down the Rabbit Hole - Quantum Edition multi-disc DVD set was released, containing two extended versions of What the Bleep Do We Know!?, with over 15 hours of material on 6 DVD sides.

Featured individuals[edit]

The film features several interviewees for the documentary portion, including:


See also[edit]


  1. Jump up ^
  2. ^ Jump up to: a b Benedicta Cipolla "'Bleep' Film Challenges Traditional Religion, Attracts Following", Accessed 2007-12-30.
  3. Jump up ^ "Visual Effects / Animation". Retrieved 2010-07-21. [dubious ]
  4. ^ Jump up to: a b "Cinefex article detailing the visual effects for the film". 
  5. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e Ron Hogan (9/5/2005). "New Age: What the Bleep? Categories conflate, confound, connect". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2007-12-28.  [dead link]
  6. Jump up ^ Our power is in our ability to decide - Can you? Ideas Coaching
  7. Jump up ^ Institute of Noetic Sciences. What the Bleep Do We Know!? Study Guide
  8. Jump up ^ Box office results from Box Office Mojo retrieved August 3, 2010
  9. Jump up ^ What the Bleep Do We Know? Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes
  10. Jump up ^ Kehr, Dave (2004-09-10). "A Lesson in Harnessing Good Vibes". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-01-06. 
  11. Jump up ^ "'What the #$*!'makes 'Bleep'so popular". Fort Worth Star Telegram. 2005-01-22. 
  12. ^ Jump up to: a b Kuttner, Fred; Rosenblum, Bruce (November 2006). "Teaching physics mysteries versus pseudoscience". Physics Today (American Institute of Physics) 59 (11): 14. Bibcode:2006PhT....59k..14K. doi:10.1063/1.2435631. 
  13. ^ Jump up to: a b "The minds boggle". The Guardian Unlimited
  14. Jump up ^ Randall, Lisa. Knocking on heaven's door : how physics and scientific thinking illuminate the universe and the modern world (1st ed. ed.). New York: Ecco. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-06-172372-8. 
  15. ^ Jump up to: a b Wilson, Elizabeth (2005-01-13). "What the Bleep Do We Know?!". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  16. Jump up ^ What the Bleep are they On About?! Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  17. ^ Jump up to: a b Gorenfeld, John (2004-09-16). ""Bleep" of faith". Salon. Retrieved 2006-11-29. 
  18. Jump up ^ David Hambling, "I see no ships: Questioning perceptual blindness", Fortean Times, February 2007.
  19. ^ Jump up to: a b 2004 Pigasus awards James Randi Educational Foundation
  20. Jump up ^ Review by Eric Scerri of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry
  21. Jump up ^ Review at BBC Movies
  22. Jump up ^ Margaret Wertheim, "Quantum Mysticism" at the Wayback Machine (archived March 16, 2008), LA Weekly, June 10, 2004. Accessed 2010-07-21.
  23. Jump up ^ Mone, Gregory (October 2004). "Cult Science Dressing Up Mysticism as Quantum Physics". Popular Science. Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  24. Jump up ^ Dr. Joe Dispenza from "What the Bleep do we Know" - Beyond the Ordinary Dot Net
  25. Jump up ^ "Third Annual Awards - 2004 Films". Ashland Independent Film Festival. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  26. Jump up ^ "DC Independent Film Festival". DC Independent Film Festival. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  27. Jump up ^ Baccil, Pat (2004-08-11). "What the... Bleep.... Do We Know the Docu Drama". Press XTVWorld ( Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  28. ^ Jump up to: a b Patchen, Nancy (2004-10-17). "What the 'Bleep' Do We Know?". Boloji. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  29. Jump up ^ "2004 Remi Winners:". WorldFest-Houston International Film Festival. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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