Notable Parapsychologists, and Psychical Researchers
Notable Parapsychologists and Psychical Researchers
Alvarado, Carlos S.
Carlos Alvarado PhD is a parapsychologist who is on the faculty of Atlantic
University, the University of Virginia, and the Institute of Transpersonal Psychology. His research has
focussed on surveys of psychic experiences and on the history of psychical
research. He is a past President (1995; 2002-2003) of the Parapsychological Association.
Ian Baker PhD is a Lecturer in Psychology and parapsychologist at the
University of Derby. His research has focussed on research into remote staring.
He is currently Editor of the European Journal of Parapsychology.
Sir William Barrett FRS was an English physicist and one of the founders of
the Society for Psychical
Research. He carried out early research on thought transference, Mesmerism,
poltergeists and dowsing.
Dick Bierman PhD (Universities of Utrecht and Amsterdam) is a physicist and
parapsychologist who is interested in the relationship between quantum physics
and consciousness. He is known for developing true random generators (RNG) and
for his involvement in the Global Consciousness Project.
William Braud PhD is a professor of psychology at the
Institute of Transpersonal
Psychology. His research in transpersonal psychology and parapsychology has
focussed on exceptional human experiences, alternative ways of knowing, and
expanded research methods.
Richard Broughton PhD is an American psychologist and parapsychologist. He is
Senior Lecturer in Psychology at the University of Northampton (UK). He was
formerly Director of the Institute for Parapsychology (now the Rhine Research Center) and
President of Intuition Laboratories, Inc. He is a past President of the Parapsychological Association
Etzel Cardeña PhD is a Mexican psychologist and parapsychologist. He is
Thorsen Professor of Psychology at Lund
University, Sweden. His research focuses on the areas of hypnosis,
dissociative states and anomalous experience. He is a past President of the Parapsychological Association
Bernard Carr PhD is Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy at Queen Mary,
University of London. He has a particular interest in theoretical relationships
between science, religion and psychic phenomena. He served (2000-2004) as
President of the Society for
Sir William Crookes OM, FRS, was a British chemist and physicist who carried
out early scientific research into spiritualism and mediumship. He is
particularly known for his investigations of the physical mediums Florence
Cook, and Daniel Dunglas Home.
Deborah Delanoy PhD is an American psychologist and
parapsychologist whose research focuses on methods of ESP testing and training,
physiological aspects of psi, and direct mental interaction with living systems
(DMILS). She is a past President of the Parapsychological Association (1994) and is the current
President of the Society for
Psychical Research (since 2007).
Doyle, Arthur Conan (1859-1930)
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was a Scottish physician and writer, famous as the
creator of Sherlock Holmes. Conan Doyle developed a profound interest in
spiritualism and mediumship. He became convinced of the reality of fairies,
reinforced by his acceptance of the Cottingley
Hoyt Edge PhD is an American philosopher and parapsychologist. His work
explores the philosophical implications of parapsychological phenomena. He has
also undertaken empirical research on direct mental interaction with living
systems (DMILS). He is a past President of the Parapsychological Association
Jule Eisenbud MD was an American psychiatrist whose parapsychological work
explored the telepathic experiences of patients and analysts. He is most
well-known for his investigations of the "thoughtographs" produced by Ted Serios.
Michael Faraday FRS was a British chemist and physicist, famous for his
scientific investigations into electricity and magnetism. In psychical research,
he is best known for his demonstrations that table-turning is caused by
unconscious muscular movements of the sitters and for his failure to attend the
seances of D.D. Home.
Alan Gauld was formerly Reader in Psychology at the University of Nottingham.
He is a past President (1989-1992) of the Society for Psychical Research. He has research interests in
mediumship and survival, and in the history of psychical research.
Greyson, Bruce C. (1946- )
Bruce Greyson is Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Virginia. He is
a leading researcher into near-death experiences.
Richard Hodgson LLD was an Australian psychical researcher. He is famous for
his damning investigation of Madame
Blavatsky and for his initially sceptical but later supportive
investigations of the trance medium Mrs Leonora
D.J. Hufford PhD is Professor of Medical Humanities at Penn State College of
Medicine. His research focuses on the ethnographic and phenomenological study of
spiritual and folk beliefs. He is particularly known for his research on sleep
paralysis and the Old Hag tradition as an experiential foundation for belief in
Harvey Irwin was formerly associate professor in psychology at the University
of New England, Australia. He is the author of the highly acclaimed textbook of
parapsychology An Introduction to Parapsychology.
Jahn, Robert G.
Robert Jahn is Professor of Aerospace Science and Dean Emeritus at Princeton
University. Jahn founded the Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research laboratory (PEAR) in
1979 to explore psychokinetic influences on random event generators (REG). He
has also carried out research on remote viewing.
William James MD was a widely influential American psychologist and
philosopher, and Professor of Philosophy and Psychology at Harvard University.
He was profoundly interested in religious and psychical experience, and in
spiritualism. Within psychical research he is mainly known for his supportive
investigation of the trance medium Mrs Leonora
Piper. James was President of the Society for Psychical Research (1894-1895) and was one of the
founders, and first President, of the American Society for Psychical Research (established
Arthur Koestler was a Hungarian writer whose interests extended to mysticism
and paranormal phenomena. He investigated evidence for telepathy and
psychokinesis. Koestler left a substantial bequest which was used to establish
the Koestler Parapsychology Unit at the University of Edinburgh in
Stanley Krippner PhD is an American psychologist known as a pioneer of
humanistic and transpersonal psychology as well as for his research into
hypnosis, dreaming, and parapsychology. He is Professor of Psychology at Saybrook University.
Walter Levy was J.B. Rhine's successor as Director of
the Institute for Parapsychology (now the Rhine Research Center). He was accused of falsifying data from
his studies of animal psi. He subsequently confessed and resigned from his
Lodge, Oliver Joseph (1851-1940)
Sir Oliver Lodge FRS was a British physicist famous for his work on wireless
telegraphy. He conducted early studies on telepathy, became interested in
spiritualism, and wrote several books on the subject. He was President of the Society for Psychical
Research in 1901-1903 and again in 1932.
David Luke PhD is a British psychologist and parapsychologist. He is a Senior
Lecturer in the Department of Psychology and Counselling at the University of
Greenwich. His research has focussed on the psychology of belief in magic, luck
and the paranormal, anomalous experiences and altered states of consciousness.
He is the current President of the Parapsychological Association.
R.A. McConnell PhD was an American physicist and parapsychologist. He is
known for his experimental studies of PK (using dice tests), and ESP. He was the
first President of the Parapsychological Association (1957-1958).
Karlis Osis PhD was a Latvian parapsychologist. He worked as a researcher for
several parapsychological organisations, including the Duke University
parapsychology laboratory (now the Rhine Research Center), the Parapsychology Foundation, and the
American Society for Psychical
Research. His research focussed on ESP, out-of-body experiences and
apparitions. He is most well known for his research on deathbed experiences.
Owen, Alan Robert George (1919-2003) & Iris May (1916-2009)
A.R.G Owen PhD was a British mathematician and geneticist, and lecturer at
Cambridge University. He and his wife Iris emigrated to Canada in 1970 where he
directed research at the New Horizons Research Foundation in Toronto. Dr &
Mrs Owen's main psychical research interests were in physical manifestations and
poltergeists. Their investigations included the Sauchie
Poltergeist case (Virginia Campbell), and the psychic Matthew
Manning. They famously attempted to reproduce spontaneous poltergeist-type
phenomena through meetings of the "Philip Group".
Adrian Parker PhD is a British clinical psychologist and parapsychologist who
pioneered the use of the Ganzfeld technique in parapsychological research. He is a
Professor at the University of Gothenburg.
Dr Satwant Pasricha is an Indian clinical psychologist and head of the
Department of Clinical Psychology at the National Institute of Mental Health and
Neurosciences in Bangalore. Since the early 1970s she has investigated several
hundred cases of children who claim to remember previous lives.
Michael Persinger PhD is an American cognitive neuroscientist and Director of
the Consciousness Research Laboratory at Laurentian University, Ontario. He is
known for his research on the effects of stimulating the brain with complex
magnetic fields. This has included parapsychological investigations of telepathy
and remote viewing as well as studies that have induced religious and mystical
Guy Lyon Playfair is a freelance writer and author of books on
parapsychology, psychical research and the paranormal. Along with Maurice Grosse, he was one of the investigators of the Enfield
Joseph Gaither Pratt was an American psychologist and parapsychologist who
was one of the leading researchers at the Duke University parapsychology
laboratory (now the Rhine Research
Center). He was a President of the Parapsychological
Association (1960, 1970).
Andrija Puharich MD was a medical and parapsychological researcher best known
for bringing the Dutch psychic Peter Hurkos,
and the Israeli psychic Uri Geller to the attention of scientific investigators.
Dean Radin PhD is an American parapsychologist. He is Senior Scientist at the
Institute of Noetic Sciences
(IONS). His research focusses on experimental studies of psi phenomena and
their implications for our understanding of consciousness.
James Randi is a Canadian-American stage magician and paranormal sceptic. In
1996 he established the James Randi Educational Foundation (JREF) with the aim of
promoting understanding of the dangers of accepting unproven claims, and to
support controlled, scientific research into paranormal claims. JREF offers a
One Million Dollar Paranormal Challenge to anyone who can demonstrate paranormal
abilities under test conditions.
Koneru Ramakrishna Rao PhD, D.Litt. is an Indian philosopher, psychologist
and parapsychologist. In 1967 he established the Department of Parapsychology at
Andhra University. He has also held posts at the University of Chicago and the
Duke University parapsychology laboratory. In 1977 he was appointed Directory of
the Institute for Parapsychology (now the Rhine
Research Center). He is a past President of the Parapsychological Association
(1965; 1978; 1990). He is currently Chairman of the Indian Council of
J.B. Rhine PhD was a botanist, psychologist and experimental
parapsychologist. He introduced the term "parapsychology" to the academic
community and founded the World's first dedicatated parapsychology laboratory at
Duke University in 1935 (now the Rhine Research Center). With William
McDougall, Rhine established the Journal of
Parapsychology in 1937 and also proposed the formation of the Parapsychological Association
(established 1957). His research focussed on the experimental study of ESP and
Louisa Rhine PhD was a botanist,
parapsychologist and wife of J.B. Rhine. Her research
focussed on the investigation of spontaneous psi experiences. She was elected
President of the Society for
Psychical Research in 1980.
Richet, Charles (1850-1935)
Charles Richet was a French physiologist and Nobel Prize winner with a strong
research interest in psychic phenomena, hypnosis and spiritualism. He was
elected President of the Society for Psychical Research in 1905.
Kenneth Ring PhD is Professor Emeritus of psychology at the University of
Connecticut. He is a leading researcher in the area of near-death experience. He
was one of the founders of the International Association for Near-Death Studies (IANDS) and
was elected President of IANDS in 1981 and 1983.
Chris Roe PhD is British parapsychologist and Reader in Psychology at the
University of Northampton. He is the current Editor of the Journal and
Proceedings of the Society
for Psychical Research. His areas of research interest focus on
psychological factors in anomalous experiences, and the psychology of
Roll, William G. (1926- )
William Roll PhD is an American psychologist and parapsychologist. He is a
leading authority on poltegeist phenomena and coined the term "Recurrent
Spontaneous Psychokinesis" (RSPK) to refer to the phenomena involved in
poltergeist manifestations. He worked from 1957-1964 at the Duke University
parapsychology laboratory (now the Rhine Research Center) and is a past President (1964) of the
Gertrude Schmeidler PhD was an American psychologist and parapsychologist.
She is most well known for her research into the influence of paranormal belief
on psi ability (the Sheep-Goat effect). She was elected President of the Parapsychological Association
in 1959 and in 1971.
Baron Albert von Schrenck-Notzing was a German physician, psychiatrist and
psychical researcher. He is known for his early investigations into telepathy,
hypnosis, spiritualism and physical mediumship. The latter included a series of
remarkable photographs apparently showing ectoplasm.
Stephan A. Schwartz is Senior Samueli Fellow for Brain, Mind and Healing at
Institute, and a Research Associate of the Cognitive Sciences
Laboratory. He is a pioneer of research into remote viewing, especially its
applications in archaeology.
Gary Schwartz PhD is psychologist and psychical researcher. He is a Professor
and Director of the Laboratory for Advances in Consciousness and Health at the
University of Arizona. He is known for a series of heavily criticised studies
which purport to demonstrate genuine mediumistic communication.
Rupert Sheldrake is a British biochemist and biologist who developed the
concepts of morphic fields and morphic resonance to explain patterns of
organisation in living systems. His ideas have also been applied to the areas of
consciousness and psychic phenomena. Sheldrake has carried out significant
independent parapsychological research on telepathy in humans and animals.
S.G. Soal was a British mathematician and parapsychologist who carried out
research into mediumship and ESP. He was elected President of the Society for Psychical
Research (1950-1951). Later statistical analysis of his card-guessing ESP
studies have led to accusations that Soal fraudulently manipulated some of his
Rex Stanford PhD is a psychologist and parapsychologist. His research
examines the role of psychological factors in ESP and PK and he has developed a
theory of psi ability that focuses on its need-serving function. He is a past
President of the Parapsychological Association (1973; 2006-2007).
Ian Stevenson MD was a Canadian biochemist, psychiatrist and
parapsychologist. Prior to his retirement in 2002, he was head of the Division
of Perceptual Studies at the University of Virginia. Stevenson was a pioneer of
research into reincarnation. He was elected President of the Society for Psychical
Lance Storm PhD is an Australian psychologist and parapsychologist. He is a
Visiting Research Fellow at the University of Adelaide. His parapsychological
research focuses on approaches to explaining paranormal phenomena, and the
psychology of paranormal belief. He is the Editor of the Australian Journal of
Charles Tart PhD is an American psychologist, parapsychologist and
transpersonal psychologist. He is a Faculty member of the Institute of Transpersonal
Psychology and is internationally known for his research into consciousness
Montague Ullman MD was an American psychiatrist and psychoanalyst. He was a
leading researcher on dreams and dreaming and established a sleep laboratory at
the Maimonides Medical Center, New York which investigated telepathic
experiences in dreams.
Richard Wiseman PhD is a British psychologist and parapsychologist. He is
Professor of the Public Understanding of Psychology at the University of
Hertfordshire. He is a prominent sceptic and debunker of paranormal phenomena,
and is well known from his many media appearances and popular books. His
research focuses on the psychology of deception, luck, humour, and self-help.
Karl Zener PhD was a behavioral and perceptual psychologist who worked for
most of his career at Duke University. Together with J.B.
Rhine, he devised the standard set of ESP cards (Zener cards), commonly used
in parapsychological research.
Nancy Zingrone PhD is an American parapsychologist. She was President of the
Association (2000-2001; 2003-2004). Since 2000, she has been Director of
Publications and Executive Editor of the International Journal of Parapsychology
for the Parapsychology