What is Parapsychology?
What is not parapsychology?
What do parapsychologists study?
- Psi : A neutral term for parapsychological phenomena. Psi, psychic, and psychical are synonyms.
- Telepathy : Direct mind-to-mind communication.
- Precognition: Also called premonition. Obtaining information about future events, where the information could not be inferred through normal means. Many people report dreams that appear to be precognitive.
- Clairvoyance : Sometimes called remote viewing; obtaining information about events at remote locations, beyond the reach of the normal senses.
- ESP: Extra-sensory perception; a general term for obtaining information about events beyond the reach of the normal senses. This term subsumes telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition.
- Psychokinesis : Also called PK; direct mental interaction with physical objects, animate or inanimate.
- Bio-PK : Direct mental interactions with living systems.
- NDE : Near death experience; an experience reported by those who were revived from nearly dying. Often refers to a core experience that includes feelings of peace, OBE, seeing lights and other phenomena.
- OBE : Out-of-body experience; the experience of feeling separated from the body, often accompanied by visual perceptions as though from above the body.
- Reincarnation: The belief that we live successive lives, with primarily evidence coming from the apparent recollections of previous lives by very small children.
- Haunting : Recurrent phenomena reported to occur in particular locations that include apparitions, sounds, movement of objects, and other effects.
- Poltergeist: Large-scale PK phenomena often attributed to spirits, but which are now thought to be due to a living person, frequently an adolescent.
Who is interested in Parapsychology?
- Physicists tend to be interested in parapsychology because of the implication that we have a gross misunderstanding about space and time and the transmission of energy and information.
- Biologists are interested because psi implies the existence of additional, unexplained methods of sensing the world.
- Psychologists are interested for what psi implies about the nature of perception and memory.
- Philosophers are interested because psi phenomena specifically address many age-old philosophical problems, including the role of the mind in the physical world, and the nature of the objective vs. the subjective.
- Theologians and the general public tend to be interested because personal psi experiences are often accompanied by feelings of profound, ineffable meaning. As a result, psi is thought by some to have "spiritual" implications.
materials available at: http://www.psiresearch.org/
The word psychic describes anything in connection with the psyche. This word dates back to ancient times when a goddess by the name of Psyche was in charge of the invisible but essential part of human existence. Over time the word and its meaning evolved and presently the thesaurus offers the following synonyms:
Mind, soul, self, subconscious, spirit, subliminal self, inner self, ego and individuality.
These words have wide range of meanings and, therefore, it makes sense not to use them in the context of this article. Instead, a definition of the source of psychic phenomena will be presented thereby establishing a clear conceptual basis these phenomena can be referenced to.
For movement to take place a command has to be issued. The processes that determine what matter has to do take place in the spiritual energies, which give the appropriate command to the matter energies. These perform according to these commands and in the ensuing matter phases this performance is expressed by whatever kind of action the energies of matter took.
ESP = Extra Sensory Perception ( go there )
- Tele-empathy- Clairvoyance
- Premonition- Remote Viewing
- Psi detectives- Dowsing
- Earth Radiation- Deja Vu
- Psychic archaeology
Altered States of Consciousness ( go there )
- OBE - out of body experience
- Near Death Experience
- Psychic Dreams
Powers of the Mind ( go there )
- Telekinesis = Psychokinesis
- Teleportation- Psychic healing
- Influencing plants
- Influencing weather
Psi Manifestations ( go there )
- Divination - auguri
- Oracles- The pendulum
- Reading cards- Automatic writing
- Quija board- TV Psychics
- Communication with animals- Trance mediums
- Spirit doctors- Psychic photography
- Psychic audio contacts
Death and Re-incarnation ( go there )
ESP = Extrasensory Perception
My legs were swollen and hurt very badly.
Altered States of Consciousness
We were to stay just for a year but when we left the garden had lush green grass and beautiful tropical plants all over the place. The one palm tree that had been on the verge of extinction when we came had strong healthy leaves and had grown to nearly double its height. - Our friend could not believe his eyes. Three months after we had left more than half the plants had died, the grass showed large empty patches and the lone palm tree had lost more than half of its leaves. Our friend was very upset because he had cared for his garden exactly as my wife told him she had.
After my wife returned to the US she was able to communicate this way with other spiritual entities, as well. For a while she spent many hours a week writing but, eventually, she lost interest and it stopped. - Automatic writing can also be done using a typewriter or a computer.
Communication with Animals
Communication with animals is presented in a new TV show on Animal Planet. A lady by the name of Sonya communicates with animals and spirits of animals. Sometimes when talking to animal spirits she also communicates with people spirits who mostly are relatives who passed over and who are with the animal spirits. - When talking with people spirits she is always right on the dot, which cannot be said by the other TV psychics. - She talks to every conceivable animal. Even though she talks mostly to cats and dogs she also talked on this show to alligators, birds, iguanas, lamas, horses and the list goes on and on and on….
A medium would fall in a trance and a spirit took over the mind of the medium. The spirit would talk with a different voice and was answering questions from the attendants to such sessions as done in today's psychic readings. There were some genuine trance mediums but, regrettably, many of the mediums were fakes who were ripping off believers.
Usually, there is a white shadow over part of the image but there are photographs when actual faces or complete figures of people show quite clearly. Normally, this is someone the one taking the photograph knows like a friend or relative who died but this is not always the case. This white shadow is called ectoplasm, which is an expression for the "ether" body of a spirit.
Someone who lived and died in a house stays there after death. This is a confused spirit who has not realized that he/she is dead or has such a strong attachment to the place that he/she does not want to leave. Such spirits see people living in the house as intruders and try to scare them away. Exorcism rarely helps. Usually it makes the spirits angrier because they fell someone tries to chase them out of a place that belongs to them. A sensible approach is to talk calmly to the spirits and tell them that they died and if they want to have a happy life after life they need to move on to the spirit world. This does not make them angry and has a good chance of success.
Parapsychology Resources on the Internet
- Boundary Institute
A science institute focusing on phenomena at the boundary of mind and matter.
- Psi Explorer
An exceptional CD-ROM on parapsychology
- Global Consciousness Project
A web-based science experiment, hosted at Princeton University, examining the role of global consciousness in the physical world
- Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research Laboratory
A prominent psi research laboratory at Princeton University, New Jersey
Project Run by John Walker, experiments and literature on retrocausal phenomena.
- Koestler Parapsychology Unit at the University of Edinburgh
One of the best-known academic sites, headed by Prof. Robert Morris, in Edinburgh, Scotland
- Laboratories for Fundamental Research
Run by Dr. Edwin May, former director of the US Government's psi research program called STARGATE.
- Rhine Research Center
The legacy laboratory of Duke University's Dr. J. B. Rhine, "father" of parapsychology.
- Parapsychology Foundation
In New York City, legacy of famous medium Eileen Garrett
- Parapsychological Association
Affiliate of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, primary international organization of scientists and scholars interested in psi phenomena.
- American Society for Psychical Research
Founded in 1886, one of the oldest such societies in the world
- (British) Society for Psychical Research
The original scientific society for psi research, formed in London in 1882
- Society for Scientific Exploration
International organization formed for the serious scientific study of anomalous phenomena
- Scientific and Medical Network
nternational organization for scientists, physicians and other professionals interested in science and consciousness, based in the UK
- Institute of Noetic Sciences
International organization for people interested in science, society and consciousness, based in the USA, founded by astronaut Edgar Mitchell
- Alex Tanous Foundation
This organization serves "as a forum for the presentation and discussion of anomalies," especially those related to psi phenomena.
- Intuition Network
A comprehensive web site, the intuition network's goal is to "help create a world in which all people feel encouraged to cultivate and use their inner, intuitive resources."
- Hawaii Remote Viewers' Guild
A nonprofit organization in Hawaii devoted to research and education about remote viewing.
A organization involved in scientific research on healing through prayer.
NEW! Clairvoyance links:
The Conscious Universe: The Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomena
by Dean I. Radin
A respected parapsychologist draws on the latest in high-tech experiments and research to offer scientific proof of psychic phenomena, discussing telepathy, clairvoyance, precognition, and other phenomena in terms of its applications and potential impact in every aspect of our lives. Tour.
Recently profiled in the New York Times Magazine. Dean Radin is perhaps the most respected parapsychology authority in the country. An articulate, engaging communicator, Radin wields impeccable credentials, a healthy skepticism and a meticulous scientific method to put "psi" phenomona like telepathy, clairvoyance, precognition and mind-over-matter abilities to the hard test of science. His unprecedented manifesto makes a startingly persuasive case for the truth of psychic phenomena -- and places us on the cusp of what may well be the next great paradigm shift.
Uniting the latest in high-tech experiments, including irrefutable data from his own groundbreaking research, with teachings of mystics and theories of quantum physics, Radin explores myriad phenomena: from ESP to ghosts to psychokinesis. Radin reveals the remarkable extent to which psi is already tacitly acknowledged -- and exploited -- by Fortune 500 corporations and the U.S. government, then analyzes how the inevitable mass acceptance of the mind-matter link will affect social, economic, academic, health and spirtual issues. At once visionary and pragmatic, The Conscious Universe recalls the classics Godel, Escher, Bach and The Holographic Universe, yet transcends mere experiments to offer a bold new vision of the future.
About the Author
Director of the Consciousness Research Laboratory at the University of Nevada at Las Vegas and twice president of the Parapsychology Association, Dean Radin, Ph.D., has done cutting-edge parapsychology research for AT&T, Stanford, Princeton's Engineering Anomalies Research Lab, the University of Edinburgh, S.R.I. International, and the U.S. Government. He lives in Las Vegas, NV.
Editorial ReviewHolding up such anomalies as ESP, psychokinesis, prayer, near-death experiences, and reincarnation under the cool light of scientific scrutiny can be a daunting task. Dean Radin, director of the Consciousness Research Laboratory at the University of Nevada, rises to the challenge in the pioneering and exhaustively researched The Conscious Universe. Fans of The X-Files will need no further convincing, but for the remaining skeptics, this easy-to-read mix of history, scientific evidence, and proclamations ("When modern science began about three hundred years ago, one of the consequences of separating mind and matter was that science slowly lost its mind.") will authenticate the existence of psychic phenomena.
Radin creates two categories: the perceiving of objects or events beyond our ordinary sense capabilities and the triggering or influencing of action through mental powers. Radin aims to present simply and clearly the basic elements from science, psychology, and physics that prove the existence psychic phenomena. Given the tacit acceptance of psychic phenomena as "real," why do both government and mainstream science repudiate the claims and the evidence, yet continue to exploit them?
The Conscious Universe challenges our most basic assumptions about reality, those that exist in both the upper echelons of science and in the basic daily interactions. It’s a mind-bending exploration of how and what we see.
by Daniel Clement Dennett
The national bestseller chosen by The New York Times Book Review as one of the ten best books of 1991 is now available in paperback. The author of Brainstorms, Daniel C. Dennett replaces our traditional vision of consciousness with a new model based on a wealth of fact and theory from the latest scientific research.
Consciousness is notoriously difficult to explain. On one hand, there are facts about conscious experience--the way clarinets sound, the way lemonade tastes--that we know subjectively, from the inside. On the other hand, such facts are not readily accommodated in the objective world described by science. How, after all, could the reediness of clarinets or the tartness of lemonade be predicted in advance? Central to Daniel C. Dennett's attempt to resolve this dilemma is the "heterophenomenological" method, which treats reports of introspection nontraditionally--not as evidence to be used in explaining consciousness, but as data to be explained. Using this method, Dennett argues against the myth of the Cartesian theater--the idea that consciousness can be precisely located in space or in time. To replace the Cartesian theater, he introduces his own multiple drafts model of consciousness, in which the mind is a bubbling congeries of unsupervised parallel processing. Finally, Dennett tackles the conventional philosophical questions about consciousness, taking issue not only with the traditional answers but also with the traditional methodology by which they were reached.
Dennett's writing, while always serious, is never solemn; who would have thought that combining philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience could be such fun? Not every reader will be convinced that Dennett has succeeded in explaining consciousness; many will feel that his account fails to capture essential features of conscious experience. But none will want to deny that the attempt was well worth making. --Glenn Branch
The Mind's I: Fantasies and Reflections on Self & Soul
by Douglas R. Hofstadter (Editor), Daniel C. Dennett (Editor), Doug Hofstadter (Editor), Daniel C. Dennett
About the Author
Douglas Hofstadter is College Professor of Cognitive Science and Computer Science, director of the Center for Research on Concepts and Cognition, and adjunct professor of philosophy, psychology, history and philosophy of science, and comparative literature at Indiana University. Daniel C. Dennett is Distinguished Arts and Sciences Professor, Professor of Philosophy, and Director of the Center for Cognitive Studies at Tufts University.
From some of the 20th century's greatest thinkers, essays on topics as diverse as artificial intelligence, evolution, science fiction, philosophy, reductionism, and consciousness With contributions from Jorge Luis Borges, Richard Dawkins, John Searle, and Robert Nozick, The Mind's I explores the meaning of self and consciousness through the perspectives of literature, artificial intelligence, psychology, and other disciplines. In selections that range from fiction to scientific speculations about thinking machines, artificial intelligence, and the nature of the brain, Hofstadter and Dennett present a variety of conflicting visions of the self and the soul as explored through the writings of some of the twentieth century's most renowned thinkers.
Ever wondered who you are? Who you really are? This collection of writings and reflections by some of today's most notable thinkers is designed to enliven this most central, and most baffling, question in the philosophy of mind. In some ways, the questions posed and bantered about in this book are at the heart of all philosophical reasoning. They are the ultimate questions about the self. The Mind's I contains an astonishing variety of approaches to answering the question, "Who am I?" Between the covers of this book one encounters the literary erudition of Argentinean writer Jorge Luis Borges alongside the analytic rigor of John Searle. There are sophisticated metaphorical pieces (such as "The Princess Ineffabelle" by Polish philosopher and writer Stanislaw Lem), intriguing dialogues (like Raymond Smullyan's "Is God a Taoist?"), and serious but engaging philosophical essays from a host of thinkers (see Thomas Nagel's "What Is It Like to Be a Bat?").
Editors Hofstadter and Dennett--leading lights in the study of cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and the philosophy of mind--follow each selection with a short reflection designed to elaborate on their main themes. The Mind's I admirably broadens their fields to a more general audience. The book's essays are grouped into six categories, each successively raising the philosophical stakes by introducing new levels of complexity. Ultimately, one confronts some of the thorniest questions in modern philosophy here, such as the nature of free will, our place in the metaphysical world, and the possibility of genuine artificial intelligence. The book closes with a playful and perplexing piece by Robert Nozick, an adequate summation to The Mind's I. He writes, "Perhaps God has not decided yet whether he has created, in this world, a fictional world or a real one.... Which decision do you hope for?" --Eric de Place
The Encyclopedic Psychic Dictionary
by June G. Bletzer
About the Author
June G. Bletzer. Ph.D., has been a student and teacher of metaphysics for over four decades. Seeking a reference tool to aid in her own research and finding none, she then wrote the DICTIONARY to fill that void. Dr. Bletzer is a noted teacher in the fields of parapsychology, dream analysis, hypnotherapy, holistic health, and psychic development. Hundreds of students have benefited from her courses at the Psychic Research Institute of Florida, which she founded in 1978. Dr. Bletzer has also been director for accredited course work in parapsychology at St. John's University, St. Petersburg.
THE ENCYCLOPEDIC PSYCHIC DICTIONARY is a monumental technical work unequalled in the fields of parapsychology, occult sciences, and holistic philosophy. Compiled for researcher, student, or professional, it boasts over nine thousand entries arranged in a comprehensive, annotated, user-friendly manner, and is fully cross-referenced. The material in the DICTIONARY spans over four millennia of thought, from the ancient Teachers of Wisdom to the brain researchers of the present. By relating newly-coined terms to language of the past, the DICTIONARY removes the twin veils of mystification and sensationalism which for so long hav e impeded understanding of the psychic sciences. The reader may then apply this understanding to every aspect of human experience, from that of mundane daily guidance to the ultimate goal of spiritual evolution.