Medicinal herbs in a traditional Spanish market
|Acupuncture · Anthroposophic medicine ·Herbalism · Homeopathy · Naturopathy ·Orthopathy · Chiropractic|
|Chinese · Mongolian · Tibetan · Unani · Siddha ·Ayurveda|
|Whole medical systems · Mind-body interventions ·Biologically based therapies · Manipulative therapy ·Energy therapies|
|Alternative medicine · Glossary · People|
- Treatments performed by therapists that are not authorized healthcare professionals
- Treatments performed by authorized healthcare professionals, but those based on methods otherwise used mainly outside the healthcare system. People without a healthcare authorisation must be able to perform the treatments.
- Whole medical systems: cut across more than one of the other groups; examples include Traditional Chinese medicine,Naturopathy, Homeopathy, and Ayurveda
- Mind-body medicine: takes a holistic approach to health that explores the interconnection between the mind, body, and spirit. It works under the premise that the mind can affect "bodily functions and symptoms"
- Biology-based practices: use substances found in nature such as herbs, foods, vitamins, and other natural substances
- Manipulative and body-based practices: feature manipulation or movement of body parts, such as is done in chiropractic andosteopathic manipulation
- Energy medicine: is a domain that deals with putative and verifiable energy fields:
- Biofield therapies are intended to influence energy fields that, it is purported, surround and penetrate the body. No empirical evidence has been found to support the existence of the putative energy fields on which these therapies are predicated.
- Bioelectromagnetic-based therapies use verifiable electromagnetic fields, such as pulsed fields, alternating-current, or direct-current fields in an unconventional manner.
- 74.6% had used some form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM).
- 62.1% had done so within the preceding twelve months.
- When prayer specifically for health reasons is excluded, these figures fall to 49.8% and 36.0%, respectively.
- 45.2% had in the last twelve months used prayer for health reasons, either through praying for their own health or through others praying for them.
- 54.9% used CAM in conjunction with conventional medicine.
- 14.8% "sought care from a licensed or certified" practitioner, suggesting that "most individuals who use CAM prefer to treat themselves."
- The Dietary Supplement Industry is expected to be $250 Billion by 2016 worldwide
- Most people used CAM to treat and/or prevent musculoskeletal conditions or other conditions associated with chronic or recurring pain.
- "Women were more likely than men to use CAM. The largest sex differential is seen in the use of mind-body therapies including prayer specifically for health reasons".
- "Except for the groups of therapies that included prayer specifically for health reasons, use of CAM increased as education levels increased".
- The most common CAM therapies used in the US in 2002 were prayer (45.2%), herbalism (18.9%), breathing meditation (11.6%),meditation (7.6%), chiropractic medicine (7.5%), yoga (5.1%), body work (5.0%), diet-based therapy (3.5%), progressive relaxation(3.0%), mega-vitamin therapy (2.8%) and Visualization (2.1%)
45.2% of the Danish population aged 16 or above had in 2005 used alternative medicine at some point in life. 22.5% had used alternative medicine within the previous year.
- Massage, osteopathy or other manipulative techniques (13.2 percent)
- Reflexology (6.1 percent)
- Acupuncture (5.4 percent)
Use among medical students
68% of the medical students in Denmark were in 2008 using or had used alternative therapy. The most commonly used types of alternative medicine were:
- Herbal medicines and Dietary supplements (50 percent)
- Acupuncture (18 percent)
- Reflexology (18 percent).
|The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (January 2010)|
Furthermore, obligations to respect include a State's obligation to refrain from prohibiting or impeding traditional preventive care, healing practices and medicines, from marketing unsafe drugs and from applying coercive medical treatments, unless on an exceptional basis for the treatment of mental illness or the prevention and control of communicable diseases.—
Alternative and evidence-based medicine
- Contrary to much popular and scientific writing, many alternative cancer treatments have been investigated in good-quality clinical trials, and they have been shown to be ineffective. In this article, clinical trial data on a number of alternative cancer cures including Livingston-Wheeler, Di Bella Multitherapy, antineoplastons, vitamin C, hydrazine sulfate, Laetrile, and psychotherapy are reviewed. The label "unproven" is inappropriate for such therapies; it is time to assert that many alternative cancer therapies have been "disproven."|
Interactions with conventional pharmaceuticals
- And lastly [sic] there's the cynicism and disappointment and depression that some patients get from going on from one alternative medicine to the next, and they find after three months the placebo effect wears off, and they're disappointed and they move on to the next one, and they're disappointed and disillusioned, and that can create depression and make the eventual treatment of the patient with anything effective difficult, because you may not get compliance, because they've seen the failure so often in the past.|
Unconventional cancer "cures"
Integrative medicine, complementary medicine, fringe medicine
- Why is it so popular, then? Ernst blames the providers, customers and the doctors whose neglect, he says, has created the opening into which alternative therapists have stepped. "People are told lies. There are 40 million websites and 39.9 million tell lies, sometimes outrageous lies. They mislead cancer patients, who are encouraged not only to pay their last penny but to be treated with something that shortens their lives. "At the same time, people are gullible. It needs gullibility for the industry to succeed. It doesn't make me popular with the public, but it's the truth.
- [CAM] is popular. An analysis of the reasons why this is so points towards the therapeutic relationship as a key factor. Providers of CAM tend to build better therapeutic relationships than mainstream healthcare professionals. In turn, this implies that much of the popularity of CAM is a poignant criticism of the failure of mainstream healthcare. We should consider it seriously with a view of improving our service to patients.
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- List of branches of alternative medicine
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- Traditional medicine
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World Health Organization publication
Journals dedicated to alternative medicine research
- Alternative therapies in health and medicine. Aliso Viejo, CA : InnoVision Communications, c1995- NLM ID: 9502013
- Alternative medicine review : a journal of clinical therapeutic. Sandpoint, Idaho : Thorne Research, Inc., c1996- NLM ID: 9705340
- BMC complementary and alternative medicine. London : BioMed Central, 2001- NLM ID: 101088661
- Complementary therapies in medicine. Edinburgh ; New York : Churchill Livingstone, c1993- NLM ID: 9308777
- Evidence based complementary and alternative medicine
- Evidence Based journal of Integrative medicine
- Forschende Komplementärmedizin / Research in Complementary Medicine
- Journal of Integrative medicine.
- Journal for Alternative and Complementary Medicine New York, NY : Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., c1995
- Scientific Review of Alternative Medicine (SRAM)
- Journal Of Dietary Supplements
- The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: U.S. National Institutes of Health
- The Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine: U.S. National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health
- Knowledge and Research Center for Alternative Medicine: Denmark, the Ministry of the Interior and Health
- Guidelines For Using Complementary and Alternative Methods: from the American Cancer Society
- Complementary and Alternative Medicine Index: from the University of Maryland Medical Center
- Integrative Medicine Podcasts and Handouts: Teaching modules from the University of Wisconsin Integrative Medicine Program
- "Alternative Medicine": A BBC/Open University television series that examines the evidence scientifically
- "Complementary and alternative medicine: What is it?": from the Mayo Clinic
- Natural Standard Research Collaboration
- Alternative Medicine Health Directory
- A Different Way to Heal? and Videos: from PBS and Scientific American Frontiers
- Who Gets to Validate Alternative Medicine?: from PBS
- Davis, Adam Brooke. "A Few Words About Folk Medicine/" Folklorist argues against uncritical use of traditional healing practices, especially by non-members of the cultures which generate the traditions
- What is Complementary and Alternative Medicine? – Steven Novella, MD
- "Alternative" health practice – Skeptic's Dictionary
- Quackwatch.org – Stephen Barrett (See also: Quackwatch)
- Healing, Hype, or Harm? A Critical Analysis of Complementary or Alternative Medicine, by Edzard Ernst (Editor) (2008), reviewed inMetapsychology.
- What's the harm? Website listing cases of people harmed by various alternative treatments.